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Torri, S.I.; Cabrera, M.N."The environmental impact of biosolids' land application" (2017) Organic Waste: Management Strategies, Environmental Impact and Emerging Regulations:185-208
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Increasing urbanization and industrialization have resulted in a dramatic increase in the volume of wastes generated worldwide. The treatment of wastewater results in large amounts of municipal treated sewage sludge, or biosolids. Sludge has traditionally been disposed through ocean-dumping, landfilling, or incineration. But due to increasingly stringent environmental regulations, these disposal methods are being phased out. With increasing populations worldwide, biosolids production is likely to continue to increase in a near future. The safe disposal of biosolids is a major environmental challenge. Land application of biosolids is largely considered the best option of disposal because it offers the possibility of recycling plant nutrients, provides organic material, improves soil's chemical and physical properties and enhances crop yields. The use of biosolids is increasingly being considered as a feasible and technical solution to reverse degraded and less productive lands, and to promote the reestablishment of a vegetative cover. However, benefits have to be carefully weighed against potential deleterious effects related to non-point source pollution. Environmental risks include increased potentially trace elements (PTE) input, leaching of nitrogen (N) in subsurface drainage and groundwater, contamination of surface water with soluble and particulate phosphorus (P), vector attraction, and reduced air quality by emission of volatile organic compounds, among others. Most countries regulate concentrations of PTE and pathogens in biosolids and mandate maximum permissible loading rates into soil to manage contaminants. Nevertheless, concerns associated with adverse environmental effects due to land application of biosolids continue. This chapter investigates the environmental impact of biosolids land application related to soil properties. © 2017 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.


Documento: Parte de libro
Título:The environmental impact of biosolids' land application
Autor:Torri, S.I.; Cabrera, M.N.
Filiación:Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Air quality; Biological materials; Biosolids; Environmental regulations; Groundwater; Groundwater flow; Groundwater pollution; Incineration; Laws and legislation; Ocean dumping; River pollution; Sewage sludge; Soils; Surface waters; Trace elements; Volatile organic compounds; Waste disposal; Waste incineration; Wastewater disposal; Wastewater treatment; Chemical and physical properties; Emission of volatile organic compounds; Environmental challenges; Environmental risks; Non-point source pollution; Particulate phosphorus; Subsurface drainages; Technical solutions; Environmental impact
Página de inicio:185
Página de fin:208
Título revista:Organic Waste: Management Strategies, Environmental Impact and Emerging Regulations
Título revista abreviado:Org. Waste: Manag. Strateg., Environ. Impact and Emerg. Regul.


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Torri, S.I., Cabrera, M.N. The environmental impact of biosolids' land application. Org. Waste: Manag. Strateg., Environ. Impact and Emerg. Regul. 2017:185-208.
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