Novoselov, A.A.; Silva, D.; Schneider, J.; Abrevaya, X.C.; Chaffin, M.S.; Serrano, P.; Navarro, M.S.; Conti, M.J.; Souza Filho, C.R.D."Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes" (2017) Scientific Reports. 7(1)
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The environmental conditions on the Earth before 4 billion years ago are highly uncertain, largely because of the lack of a substantial rock record from this period. During this time interval, known as the Hadean, the young planet transformed from an uninhabited world to the one capable of supporting, and inhabited by the first living cells. These cells formed in a fluid environment they could not at first control, with homeostatic mechanisms developing only later. It is therefore possible that present-day organisms retain some record of the primordial fluid in which the first cells formed. Here we present new data on the elemental compositions and mineral fingerprints of both Bacteria and Archaea, using these data to constrain the environment in which life formed. The cradle solution that produced this elemental signature was saturated in barite, sphene, chalcedony, apatite, and clay minerals. The presence of these minerals, as well as other chemical features, suggests that the cradle environment of life may have been a weathering fluid interacting with dry-land silicate rocks. The specific mineral assemblage provides evidence for a moderate Hadean climate with dry and wet seasons and a lower atmospheric abundance of CO2 than is present today. © 2017 The Author(s).


Documento: Artículo
Título:Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes
Autor:Novoselov, A.A.; Silva, D.; Schneider, J.; Abrevaya, X.C.; Chaffin, M.S.; Serrano, P.; Navarro, M.S.; Conti, M.J.; Souza Filho, C.R.D.
Filiación:University of Campinas, Institute of Geosciences, Campinas, 13083-970, Brazil
University of Concepción, Institute of Applied Economic Geology, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
University of Campinas, School of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Design, Campinas, 13083-889, Brazil
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Buenos Aires, C1428EHA, Argentina
CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Astronomía y Física Del Espacio (IAFE), Buenos Aires, C1428ZAA, Argentina
University of Colorado, Boulder, 80302, United States
Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, 14473, Germany
André Tosello Institute, Campinas, 13087-010, Brazil
Palabras clave:mineral; silicate; archaeon; astronomy; bacterium; chemistry; clay; climate; environment; prokaryotic cell; Archaea; Bacteria; Clay; Climate; Earth (Planet); Environment; Minerals; Prokaryotic Cells; Silicates
Título revista:Scientific Reports
Título revista abreviado:Sci. Rep.
CAS:silicate, 12627-13-3; Clay; Minerals; Silicates


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---------- APA ----------
Novoselov, A.A., Silva, D., Schneider, J., Abrevaya, X.C., Chaffin, M.S., Serrano, P., Navarro, M.S.,..., Souza Filho, C.R.D. (2017) . Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes. Scientific Reports, 7(1).
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Novoselov, A.A., Silva, D., Schneider, J., Abrevaya, X.C., Chaffin, M.S., Serrano, P., et al. "Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes" . Scientific Reports 7, no. 1 (2017).
---------- MLA ----------
Novoselov, A.A., Silva, D., Schneider, J., Abrevaya, X.C., Chaffin, M.S., Serrano, P., et al. "Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes" . Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Novoselov, A.A., Silva, D., Schneider, J., Abrevaya, X.C., Chaffin, M.S., Serrano, P., et al. Geochemical constraints on the Hadean environment from mineral fingerprints of prokaryotes. Sci. Rep. 2017;7(1).