Pautasso, M.; Böhning-Gaese, K.; Clergeau, P.; Cueto, V.R.; Dinetti, M.; Fernández-Juricic, E.; Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L.; Jokimäki, J.; Mckinney, M.L.; Sodhi, N.S.; Storch, D.; Tomialojc, L.; Weisberg, P.J.; Woinarski, J.; Fuller, R.A.; Cantarello, E. "Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems" (2011) Global Ecology and Biogeography. 20(3):426-436
Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


Aim Despite the increasing pace of urbanization, little is known about how this process affects biodiversity globally. We investigate macroecological patterns of bird assemblages in urbanized areas relative to semi-natural ecosystems. Location World-wide. Methods We use a database of quantitative bird surveys to compare key assemblage structure parameters for plots in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems controlling for spatial autocorrelation and survey methodology. We use the term 'urbanized' instead of 'urban' ecosystems as many of the plots were not located in the centre of towns but in remnant habitat patches within conurbations. Results Some macroecological relationships were conserved in urbanized landscapes. Species-area, species-abundance and species-biomass relationships did not differ significantly between urbanized and non-urbanized environments. However, there were differences in the relationships between productivity and assemblage structure. In forests, species richness increased with productivity; in both forests and open habitats, the evenness of species abundances declined as productivity increased. Among urbanized plots, instead, both species richness and the evenness of species abundances were independent of variation in productivity. Main conclusions Remnant habitats within urbanized areas are subject to many ecological alterations, yet key macroecological patterns differ remarkably little in urbanized versus non-urbanized plots. Our results support the need for increased conservation activities in urbanized landscapes, particularly given the additional benefits of local experiences of biodiversity for the human population. With increasing urbanization world-wide, broad-scale efforts are needed to understand and manage the effects of this driver of change on biodiversity. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems
Autor:Pautasso, M.; Böhning-Gaese, K.; Clergeau, P.; Cueto, V.R.; Dinetti, M.; Fernández-Juricic, E.; Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L.; Jokimäki, J.; Mckinney, M.L.; Sodhi, N.S.; Storch, D.; Tomialojc, L.; Weisberg, P.J.; Woinarski, J.; Fuller, R.A.; Cantarello, E.
Filiación:Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Siesmayerstr. 70, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt (Main), Germany
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Département d'Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, UMR 5173, 55 Rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Piso 4, Pab 2, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ecologia Urbana, Viale Petrarca, 103, 57124 Livorno, Italy
Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PO Box 122, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, United States
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, South Korea
Center for Theoretical Study, Charles University, Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Viničná 7, 128 44 Praha 2, Czech Republic
Museum of Natural History, University of Wroclaw, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wroclaw, Poland
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89512-0013, United States
Biodiversity Conservation Division, NT Department of Natural Resources Environment and the Arts, PO Box 496, Palmerston, NT 0831, Australia
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland and CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
School of Conservation Sciences, Bournemouth University Talbot Campus, Poole, Dorset BH12 5BB, United Kingdom
Palabras clave:Birds; Conservation biogeography; Environmental impacts; Habitat heterogeneity; More-individuals hypothesis; Rarity; Scale; Species-energy relationship; Species-people coexistence; Urban ecology; abundance; autocorrelation; biodiversity; biogeography; biomass; bird; conservation management; database; environmental impact; global perspective; macroecology; parameterization; quantitative analysis; rarity; species evenness; species richness; species-area relationship; urban area; urban ecosystem; urbanization; Aves
Página de inicio:426
Página de fin:436
Título revista:Global Ecology and Biogeography
Título revista abreviado:Global Ecol. Biogeogr.


  • Alberti, M., The effects of urban patterns on ecosystem function (2005) International Regional Science Review, 28, pp. 168-192
  • Aldrich, J.W., Coffin, R.W., Breeding bird populations from forest to suburbia after thirty-seven years (1980) American Birds, 34, pp. 3-7
  • Baccini, P., A city's metabolism: towards the sustainable development of urban systems (1997) Journal of Urban Technology, 4, pp. 27-39
  • Barbosa, A.M., Fontaneto, D., Marini, L., Pautasso, M., Is human population a large-scale indicator of the species richness of ground beetles? (2010) Animal Conservation, 13, pp. 432-441
  • Beissinger, S.R., Osborne, D.R., Effects of urbanization on avian community organization (1982) Condor, 84, pp. 75-83
  • Blair, R.B., Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient (1996) Ecological Applications, 6, pp. 506-519
  • Breheny, M., Urban compaction: feasible and acceptable? (1997) Cities, 14, pp. 209-217
  • Brett, M.T., When is a correlation between non-independent variables 'spurious'? (2004) Oikos, 105, pp. 647-656
  • Brueckner, J.K., Urban sprawl: diagnosis and remedies (2000) International Regional Science Review, 23, pp. 160-171
  • Bulla, L., An index of evenness and its associated diversity measure (1994) Oikos, 70, pp. 167-171
  • Cam, E., Nichols, J.D., Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E., Flather, C.H., Relative species richness and community completeness: birds and urbanization in the Mid-Atlantic states (2000) Ecological Applications, 10, pp. 1196-1210
  • Cantarello, E., Steck, C.E., Fontana, P., Fontaneto, D., Marini, L., Pautasso, M., A multi-scale study of Orthoptera species richness and human population size controlling for sampling effort (2010) Naturwissenschaften, 97, pp. 265-271
  • Chace, J.F., Walsh, J.J., Urban effects on native avifauna: a review (2006) Landscape and Urban Planning, 74, pp. 46-69
  • Chiari, C., Dinetti, M., Licciardello, C., Licitra, G., Pautasso, M., Urbanization and the more-individuals hypothesis (2010) Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, pp. 366-371
  • Clergeau, P., Savard, J.-P., Mennechez, G., Falardeau, G., Bird abundance and diversity along an urban-rural gradient: a comparative study between two cities on different continents (1998) Condor, 100, pp. 413-425
  • Clergeau, P., Jokimäki, J., Savard, J.P.L., Are urban bird communities influenced by the bird diversity of adjacent landscapes? (2001) Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, pp. 1122-1134
  • Clergeau, P., Croci, S., Jokimäki, J., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.L., Dinetti, M., Avifauna homogenisation by urbanisation: analysis at different European latitudes (2006) Biological Conservation, 127, pp. 336-344
  • Cohen, B., Urban growth in developing countries: a review of current trends and a caution regarding existing forecasts (2004) World Development, 32, pp. 23-51
  • Crooks, K.R., Suarez, A.V., Bolger, D.T., Avian assemblages along a gradient of urbanization in a highly fragmented landscape (2004) Biological Conservation, 115, pp. 451-462
  • Currie, D.J., Mittelbach, G.G., Cornell, H.V., Field, R., Guégan, J.-F., Hawkins, B.A., Kaufman, D.M., Turner, J.R.G., Predictions and test of climate-based hypotheses of broad-scale variation in taxonomic richness (2004) Ecology Letters, 7, pp. 1121-1134
  • Decker, E.H., Elliott, S., Smith, F.A., Blake, D.R., Rowland, F.S., Energy and material flow through the urban ecosystem (2000) Annual Reviews of Energy and the Environment, 25, pp. 685-740
  • Fernández-Juricic, E., Bird community composition patterns in urban parks of Madrid: the role of age, size and isolation (2000) Ecological Research, 15, pp. 373-383
  • Fernández-Juricic, E., Jokimäki, J., A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe (2001) Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, pp. 2023-2043
  • Fjeldså, J., Burgess, N.D., The coincidence of biodiversity patterns and human settlement in Africa (2008) African Journal of Ecology, 46, pp. 33-42
  • Foley, J.A., Defries, R., Asner, G.P., Barford, C., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R., Chapin, F.S., Snyder, P.K., Global consequences of land use (2005) Science, 309, pp. 570-574
  • Fuller, R.A., Irvine, K.N., Devine-Wright, P., Warren, P.H., Gaston, K.J., Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity (2007) Biology Letters, 3, pp. 390-394
  • Fuller, R.A., Warren, P.H., Armsworth, P.R., Barbosa, O., Gaston, K.J., Garden bird feeding predicts the structure of urban avian assemblages (2008) Diversity and Distributions, 14, pp. 131-137
  • Grimm, N.B., Faeth, S.H., Golubiewski, N.E., Redman, C.L., Wu, J.G., Bai, X.M., Briggs, J.M., Global change and the ecology of cities (2008) Science, 319, pp. 756-760
  • Guthrie, D.A., Suburban bird populations in southern California (1974) American Midland Naturalist, 92, pp. 461-466
  • Hohtola, E., Differential changes in bird community structure with urbanisation: a study in central Finland (1978) Ornis Scandinavica, 9, pp. 94-100
  • Hurlbert, A.H., Species-energy relationship and habitat complexity in bird communities (2004) Ecology Letters, 7, pp. 714-720
  • Hurlbert, A.H., Haskell, J.P., The effect of energy and seasonality on avian species richness and community composition (2003) The American Naturalist, 161, pp. 83-97
  • Idzelis, R., On the development of avifauna in a new residential district of Vilnius (1992) Acta Ornithologica Lituanica, 5-6, pp. 72-77
  • Jokimäki, J., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.L., Spatial similarity of urban bird communities: a multiscale approach (2003) Journal of Biogeography, 30, pp. 1183-1193
  • Jokimäki, J., Suhonen, J., Inki, K., Jokinen, S., Biogeographical comparison of winter bird assemblages in urban environments in Finland (1996) Journal of Biogeography, 23, pp. 379-386
  • Jokimäki, J., Clergeau, P., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L., Winter bird communities in urban habitats: a comparative study between central and northern Europe (2002) Journal of Biogeography, 29, pp. 69-79
  • Jones, D.N., Wieneke, J., The suburban bird community of Townsville revisited: changes over 16 years (2000) Corella, 24, pp. 53-60
  • Kent, M., Biogeography and macroecology (2005) Progress in Physical Geography, 29, pp. 256-264
  • La Sorte, F.A., Geographical expansion and increased prevalence of common species in avian assemblages: implications for large-scale patterns of species richness (2006) Journal of Biogeography, 33, pp. 1183-1191
  • Lancaster, R.K., Rees, W.E., Bird communities and the structure of urban habitats (1979) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 57, pp. 2358-2368
  • Lepczyk, C.A., Flather, C.H., Radeloff, V.C., Pidgeon, A.M., Hammer, R.B., Liu, J., Human impacts on regional avian diversity and abundance (2008) Conservation Biology, 22, pp. 405-416
  • Lim, H.C., Sodhi, N.S., Responses of avian guilds to urbanisation in a tropical city (2004) Landscape and Urban Planning, 66, pp. 199-215
  • Littell, R.C., Milliken, G.A., Stroup, W.W., Wolfinger, R.D., (1996) SAS system for mixed models, , SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA
  • Los, S.O., Collatz, G.J., Sellers, P.J., Malmström, C.M., Pollack, N.H., DeFries, R.S., Bounoua, L., Dazlich, D.A., A global 9-year biophysical land-surface data set from NOAA AVHRR data (2000) Journal of Hydrometeorology, 1, pp. 183-199
  • Luck, G.W., A review of the relationships between human population density and biodiversity (2007) Biological Reviews, 82, pp. 607-645
  • Lussenhop, J., Urban cemeteries as bird refuges (1977) Condor, 79, pp. 456-461
  • McDonald, R.I., Global urbanization: can ecologists identify a sustainable way forward? (2008) Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6, pp. 99-104
  • McDonnell, M.J., Pickett, S.T.A., Ecosystem structure and function along urban-rural gradients: an unexploited opportunity for ecology (1990) Ecology, 71, pp. 1232-1237
  • McKinney, M.L., Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation (2002) Bioscience, 52, pp. 883-890
  • McKinney, M.L., Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization (2006) Biological Conservation, 127, pp. 247-260
  • Marzluff, J.M., Ewing, K., Restoration of fragmented landscapes for the conservation of birds: a general framework and specific recommendations for urbanizing landscapes (2001) Restoration Ecology, 9, pp. 280-292
  • Marzluff, J.M., Bowman, R., Donnelly, R., A historical perspective on urban bird research: trends, terms, and approaches (2001) Avian ecology and conservation in an urbanizing world, pp. 1-18. , (ed. by J.M. Marzluff, R. Bowman and R. Donnelly) - Kluwer, Dordrecht
  • Miller, J.R., Biodiversity conservation and the extinction of experience (2005) Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20, pp. 430-434
  • Miller, J.R., Hobbs, R.J., Conservation where people live and work (2002) Conservation Biology, 16, pp. 330-337
  • Mönkkönen, M., Forsman, J.T., Bokma, F., Energy availability, abundance, energy-use and species richness in forest bird communities: a test of the species-energy theory (2006) Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, pp. 290-302
  • Natuhara, Y., Imai, C., Spatial structure of avifauna along urban-rural gradients (1996) Ecological Research, 11, pp. 1-9
  • Nuorteva, P., The synanthropy of birds as an expression of ecological cycle disorder caused by urbanization (1971) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 8, pp. 547-553
  • Oelke, H., Vogelsiedlungsdichten in den Tropen (Insel Jamaika, Karibische See) (1968) Vogelwelt, 89, pp. 201-215
  • Pautasso, M., Scale dependence of the correlation between human population presence and vertebrate and plant species richness (2007) Ecology Letters, 10, pp. 16-24
  • Pautasso, M., Gaston, K.J., Resources and global avian assemblage structure in forests (2005) Ecology Letters, 8, pp. 282-289
  • Pautasso, M., Gaston, K.J., A test of the mechanisms behind avian generalized individuals-area relationships (2006) Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, pp. 303-317
  • Pautasso, M., McKinney, M.L., The botanist effect revisited: plant species richness, county area, and human population size in the United States (2007) Conservation Biology, 21, pp. 1333-1340
  • Payton, M.E., Greenstone, M.H., Schenker, N., Overlapping confidence intervals or standard error intervals: what do they mean in terms of statistical significance? (2003) Journal of Insect Science, 3, p. 34
  • Pecher, C., Fritz, S., Marini, L., Fontaneto, D., Pautasso, M., Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the species richness of stream macro-invertebrates (2010) Basic and Applied Ecology, 11, pp. 272-280
  • Pidgeon, A.M., Radeloff, V.C., Flather, C.H., Lepczyk, C.A., Clayton, M.K., Hawbaker, T.J., Hammer, R.B., Associations of forest bird species richness with housing and landscape patterns across the USA (2007) Ecological Applications, 17, pp. 1989-2010
  • de las Pozas, G., Balát, F., Quantitative and qualitative composition of the bird community in a garden suburb of Habana (Cuba) (1981) Folia Zoologica, 30, pp. 155-164
  • Reynaud, P.A., Thioulouse, J., Identification of birds as biological markers along neotropical urban-rural gradient (Cayenne, French Guiana), using co-inertia analysis (2000) Journal of Environmental Management, 59, pp. 121-140
  • Rice, W.R., Analyzing tables of statistical tests (1989) Evolution, 43, pp. 223-225
  • Rowhani, P., Lepczyk, C.A., Linderman, M.A., Pidgeon, A.M., Radeloff, V.C., Culbert, P.D., Lambin, E.F., Variability in energy influences avian distribution patterns across the USA (2008) Ecosystems, 11, pp. 854-867
  • Schochat, E., Warren, P.S., Faeth, S.H., McIntyre, N.E., Hope, D., From patterns to emerging processes in mechanistic urban ecology (2006) Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21, pp. 186-191
  • Sodhi, N.S., Tropical biodiversity loss and people - a brief review (2008) Basic and Applied Ecology, 9, pp. 93-99
  • Sodhi, N.S., Briffett, C., Kong, L., Yuen, B., Bird use of linear areas of a tropical city: implications for park connector design and management (1999) Landscape and Urban Planning, 45, pp. 123-130
  • Srivastava, D.S., Lawton, J.H., Why more productive sites have more species: an experimental test of theory using tree-hole communities (1998) The American Naturalist, 152, pp. 510-529
  • Tomiałojć, L., Quantitative studies on the synanthropic avifauna of Legnica and its environs (1970) Acta Ornithologica, 12, pp. 293-392
  • Turner, W.R., Nakamura, T., Dinetti, M., Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature (2004) Bioscience, 54, pp. 585-590
  • Yee, D.A., Juliano, S.A., Abundance matters: a field experiment testing the more individuals hypothesis for richness-productivity relationships (2007) Oecologia, 153, pp. 153-162
  • Zimmermann, P., Tasser, E., Leitinger, G., Tappeiner, U., Effects of land-use and land-cover pattern on landscape-scale biodiversity in the European Alps (2010) Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 139, pp. 13-22


---------- APA ----------
Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L.,..., Cantarello, E. (2011) . Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(3), 426-436.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., et al. "Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems" . Global Ecology and Biogeography 20, no. 3 (2011) : 426-436.
---------- MLA ----------
Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., et al. "Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems" . Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 20, no. 3, 2011, pp. 426-436.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., et al. Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 2011;20(3):426-436.