We evaluated the effects of protein malnutrition on liver morphology and physiology in rats subjected to different malnutrition schemes. Pregnant rats were fed with a control diet or a low protein diet (LPD). Male offspring rats received a LPD during gestation, lactation, and until they were 60 days old (MM group), a late LPD that began after weaning (CM), or a LPD administrated only during the gestation-lactation period followed by a control diet (MC). On day 60, blood was collected and the liver was dissected out. We found a decrease in MM rats’ total body (p < 0.001) and liver (p < 0.05) weight. These and CM rats showed obvious liver dysfunction reflected by the increase in serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGOT) (MM p < 0.001) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (MM and CM p < 0.001) enzymes, and liver content of cholesterol (MM and CM p < 0.001) and triglycerides (MM p < 0.01; CM p < 0.001), in addition to what we saw by histology. Liver dysfunction was also shown by the increase in gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) (MM, MC, and CM p < 0.001) and GST-pi1 (MM and CM p < 0.001, MC p < 0.05) expression levels. MC rats showed the lowest increment in GST-pi1 expression (MC vs. MM; p < 0.001, MC vs. CM; p < 0.01). ROS production (MM, CM, and MC: p < 0.001), lipid peroxidation (MM, CM, and MC p < 0.001), content of carbonyl groups in liver proteins (MM and CM p < 0.001, MC p < 0.01), and total antioxidant capacity (MM, CM, and MC p < 0.001) were increased in the liver of all groups of malnourished animals. However, MM rats showed the highest increment. We found higher TNF-α (MM and CM p < 0.001), and IL-6 (MM and CM p < 0.001) serum levels and TGF-β liver content (MM p < 0.01; CM p < 0.05), in MM and CM groups, while MC rats reverted the values to normal levels. Pro-survival signaling pathways mediated by tyrosine or serine/threonine kinases (pAKT) (MM and CM p < 0.001; MC p < 0.01) and extrasellular signal-regulated kinase (pERKs) (MM p < 0.01; CM p < 0.05) appeared to be activated in the liver of all groups of malnourished rats, suggesting the presence of cells resistant to apoptosis which would become cancerous. In conclusion, a LPD induced liver damage whose magnitude was related to the developmental stage at which malnutrition occurs and to its length. © 2017, University of Navarra.
|Título:||Protein malnutrition during fetal programming induces fatty liver in adult male offspring rats|
|Autor:||Campisano, S.E.; Echarte, S.M.; Podaza, E.; Chisari, A.N.|
|Filiación:||Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Dean Funes 3350, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas, CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, 4th level Dean Funes 3250, Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Palabras clave:||Fetal programming; Liver damage; Low protein diet; Metabolic syndrome; Non-alcoholic fatty liver; Wistar rats|
|Página de inicio:||275|
|Página de fin:||285|
|Título revista:||Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry|
|Título revista abreviado:||J. Physiol. Biochem.|
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---------- APA ----------Campisano, S.E., Echarte, S.M., Podaza, E. & Chisari, A.N.
. Protein malnutrition during fetal programming induces fatty liver in adult male offspring rats. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 73(2), 275-285.
---------- CHICAGO ----------Campisano, S.E., Echarte, S.M., Podaza, E., Chisari, A.N.
"Protein malnutrition during fetal programming induces fatty liver in adult male offspring rats"
. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry 73, no. 2
(2017) : 275-285.
---------- MLA ----------Campisano, S.E., Echarte, S.M., Podaza, E., Chisari, A.N.
"Protein malnutrition during fetal programming induces fatty liver in adult male offspring rats"
. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 73, no. 2, 2017, pp. 275-285.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------Campisano, S.E., Echarte, S.M., Podaza, E., Chisari, A.N. Protein malnutrition during fetal programming induces fatty liver in adult male offspring rats. J. Physiol. Biochem. 2017;73(2):275-285.