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Variability in mitochondrial DNA sequences was analyzed in the howler monkey, Alouatta caraya, in order to delineate evolutionary relationships among populations in the most southerly distributed New World monkey. Based on new and previously published sequence data, fourteen cytochrome b haplotypes were observed among 33 howlers sampled in Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil, and grouped in two main haplogroups. In northeastern Argentina and southern Paraguay, new sequence data on 73 specimens sampled from six localities gave 34 control region haplotypes that also clustered in two main haplogroups. At this southern distribution, both mitochondrial markers revealed the presence of two sympatric and differentiated clades that we interpret to be the consequence of a secondary contact between previously allopatric populations. Given evidence for a demographic expansion at the beginning of the Holocene 15,500-7000 years ago (Fu's test, FS = -12.137; P < 0.001), we suggest that atleast two populations of A. caraya have colonized the southernmost range since the Holocene employing forested corridors on the Paraná and Paraguay Rivers. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, Alouatta caraya
Autor:Ascunce, M.S.; Hasson, E.; Mulligan, C.J.; Mudry, M.D.
Filiación:Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pab: 2, Buenos Aires, C1428EHA, Argentina
Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, 1112 Turlington Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States
Palabras clave:Colonization routes; Historical demography; Howler monkeys; Phylogeography; Pleistocene; South America; mitochondrial DNA; primer DNA; Alouatta; animal; article; Brazil; comparative study; demography; DNA sequence; genetic variability; genetics; haplotype; molecular genetics; nucleotide sequence; phylogeny; Alouatta; Animals; Base Sequence; Brazil; Demography; DNA Primers; DNA, Mitochondrial; Haplotypes; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Variation (Genetics); Alouatta; Alouatta caraya; Platyrrhini
Página de inicio:202
Página de fin:215
Título revista:Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Título revista abreviado:Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.
CAS:DNA Primers; DNA, Mitochondrial


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---------- APA ----------
Ascunce, M.S., Hasson, E., Mulligan, C.J. & Mudry, M.D. (2007) . Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, Alouatta caraya. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 43(1), 202-215.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Ascunce, M.S., Hasson, E., Mulligan, C.J., Mudry, M.D. "Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, Alouatta caraya" . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43, no. 1 (2007) : 202-215.
---------- MLA ----------
Ascunce, M.S., Hasson, E., Mulligan, C.J., Mudry, M.D. "Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, Alouatta caraya" . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 43, no. 1, 2007, pp. 202-215.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Ascunce, M.S., Hasson, E., Mulligan, C.J., Mudry, M.D. Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, Alouatta caraya. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2007;43(1):202-215.