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The inversion of surface-wave phase-velocity dispersion curves provides a reliable method to derive near-surface shear-wave velocity profiles. In this work, we invert phase-velocity dispersion curves estimated from 2D seismic-reflection data. These data cannot be used to image the first 50 m with seismic-reflection processing techniques due to the presence of indistinct first breaks and significant NMO-stretching of the shallow reflections. A surface-wave analysis was proposed to derive information about the near surface in order to complement the seismic-reflection stacked sections, which are satisfactory for depths between 50 and 700 m. In order to perform the analysis, we had to overcome some problems, such as the short acquisition time and the large receiver spacing, which resulted in severe spatial aliasing. The analysis consists of spatial partitioning of each line in segments, picking of the phase-velocity dispersion curves for each segment in the f-k domain, and inversion of the picked curves using the neighborhood algorithm. The spatial aliasing is successfully circumvented by continuously tracking the surface-wave modal curves in the f-k domain. This enables us to sample the curves up to a frequency of 40 Hz, even though most components beyond 10 Hz are spatially aliased. The inverted 2D VS sections feature smooth horizontal layers, and a sensitivity analysis yields a penetration depth of 20–25 m. The results suggest that long profiles may be more efficiently surveyed by using a large receiver separation and dealing with the spatial aliasing in the described way, rather than ensuring that no spatially aliased surface waves are acquired. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Retrieving shallow shear-wave velocity profiles from 2D seismic-reflection data with severely aliased surface waves
Autor:Onnis, L.E.; Osella, A.; Carcione, J.M.
Filiación:Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Física, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, Buenos Aires, Argentina
CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires (IFIBA), Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Borgo Grotta Gigante 42C, Sgonico, Trieste 34010, Italy
Palabras clave:MASW; Neighborhood algorithm; Shear-wave velocity; Spatial aliasing; Surface waves; Acoustic wave velocity; Dispersion (waves); Phase velocity; Seismic waves; Seismology; Sensitivity analysis; Shear waves; Surface waves; MASW; Neighborhood algorithm; Phase-velocity dispersions; Shear wave velocity; Spatial aliasing; Spatial partitioning; Surface-wave analysis; Wave phase velocities; Shear flow; algorithm; seismic data; seismic migration; seismic reflection; spatial analysis; surface wave; two-dimensional modeling; velocity profile; wave velocity
Página de inicio:15
Página de fin:25
Título revista:Journal of Applied Geophysics
Título revista abreviado:J. Appl. Geophys.


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---------- APA ----------
Onnis, L.E., Osella, A. & Carcione, J.M. (2019) . Retrieving shallow shear-wave velocity profiles from 2D seismic-reflection data with severely aliased surface waves. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 161, 15-25.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Onnis, L.E., Osella, A., Carcione, J.M. "Retrieving shallow shear-wave velocity profiles from 2D seismic-reflection data with severely aliased surface waves" . Journal of Applied Geophysics 161 (2019) : 15-25.
---------- MLA ----------
Onnis, L.E., Osella, A., Carcione, J.M. "Retrieving shallow shear-wave velocity profiles from 2D seismic-reflection data with severely aliased surface waves" . Journal of Applied Geophysics, vol. 161, 2019, pp. 15-25.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Onnis, L.E., Osella, A., Carcione, J.M. Retrieving shallow shear-wave velocity profiles from 2D seismic-reflection data with severely aliased surface waves. J. Appl. Geophys. 2019;161:15-25.