Sosa, R.A.; Lopez de Casenave, J."Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis" (2017) Ecological Research. 32(2):129-134
Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


Clearing of caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forests for agriculture and cattle raising in east-central La Pampa Province, central Argentina, has created a highly fragmented landscape, a condition that has resulted in adverse effects on birds in other forests, mainly through increased predation rates near forest edges. We evaluated bird nest predation rates using artificial nests, assessing the effects of forest fragment size, distance to the edge and nest height. We measured survival rate of 570 artificial nests located in trees, in bushes and on the ground, at different distances from the edge, in six forest fragments ranging in size from 2.1 to 117.6 ha, during two consecutive breeding seasons. Nest predation rates were significantly related with the number of days of exposition of the nest, nest height and distance to the edge, whereas fragment size and year of the experiment were not associated with predation rates. Ground nests were less likely to be predated than those located in bushes and trees. Predation rates decreased with the distance to the edge, showing a pattern consistent with the existence of an edge effect. © 2017, The Ecological Society of Japan.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis
Autor:Sosa, R.A.; Lopez de Casenave, J.
Filiación:Grupo de Investigaciones en Ecología de Comunidades Áridas y Semiáridas (EComAS), Departamento de Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, Uruguay 151, Santa Rosa, La Pampa L6300CLB, Argentina
Depto. Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Ares, and IEGEBA (UBA-CONICET), Piso 4, Pabellón 2, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, C1428EHA, Argentina
Palabras clave:Artificial nests; Fragmentation; Predation; Prosopis caldenia; Semiarid forest; artificial nest; bird; breeding season; edge effect; habitat fragmentation; height; nest predation; patch size; semiarid region; survival; tree; Argentina; La Pampa; Aves; Prosopis caldenia
Página de inicio:129
Página de fin:134
Título revista:Ecological Research
Título revista abreviado:Ecol. Res.


  • Andrén, H., Corvid density and nest predation in relation to forest fragmentation: a landscape perspective (1992) Ecology, 73, pp. 794-804
  • Andrén, H., Angelstam, P., Elevated predation rate as an edge effects in habitat islands: experimental evidence (1988) Ecology, 69, pp. 544-547
  • Brand, L.A., George, T.L., Predation risks for nesting birds in fragmented coast redwood forest (2000) J Wildl Manag, 64, pp. 42-51
  • Brittingham, M.C., Temple, S.A., Have cowbirds cause forest songbirds to decline? (1983) Bioscience, 33, pp. 31-35
  • Burke, D.M., Elliott, K., Moore, L., Dunford, W., Nol, E., Phillips, J., Holmes, S., Freemark, K.E., Patterns of nest predation on artificial and natural nests in forests (2004) Conserv Biol, 18, pp. 381-388
  • Cabrera, A.L., (1976) Regiones fitogeográficas argentinas. Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería, , Editorial ACME, Buenos Aires
  • Crooks, K.R., Soulé, M.E., Mesopredator release and avifauna extinctions in a fragmented system (1999) Nature, 400, pp. 563-566. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaK1MXltFKrsrw%3D
  • Cueto, V.R., Mezquida, E.T., Un equipo electromecánico económico para identificar depredadores de huevos en nidos artificiales (2001) Hornero, 16, pp. 71-75
  • de la Peña, M.R., Nidos y huevos de aves argentinas (1987) Author’s edition
  • DeLong, A.K., Crawford, J.A., DeLong, D.C., Relationships between vegetational structure and predation of artificial sage grouse nest (1995) J Wildl Manag, 59, pp. 88-92
  • Di Rienzo, J.A., Casanoves, F., Balzarini, M.G., González, L., Tablada, M., Robledo, C.W., (2011) InfoStat versión 2011. Grupo InfoStat, , FCA, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba
  • Eriksson, L.M., Edenius, L., Areskoug, V., Meritt, D.A., Nest-predation at the edge: an experimental study contrasting two types of edge in the dry Chaco, Paraguay (2001) Ecography, 24, pp. 742-750
  • Estrada, A., Rivera, A., Coates-Estrada, R., Predation of artificial nests in a fragmented landscape in the tropical region of Los Tuxtlas, México (2002) Biol Conserv, 106, pp. 199-209
  • Faaborg, J., Truly artificial nest studies (2004) Conserv Biol, 18, pp. 369-370
  • Fenske-Crawford, T.J., Niemi, G.J., Predation of artificial ground nests at two types of edges in a forest-dominated landscape (1997) Condor, 99, pp. 14-24
  • Fleming, K.K., Giuliano, W.M., Reduced predation of artificial nest in border-edge cuts on woodlots (2001) J Wildl Manag, 65, pp. 351-355
  • Gates, J.E., Gysel, L.W., Avian nest dispersion and fledging success in field-forest ecotones (1978) Ecology, 59, pp. 871-883
  • Githiru, M., Lens, L., Cresswell, W., Nest predation in a fragmented Afrotropical forest: evidence from natural and artificial nests (2005) Biol Conserv, 123, pp. 189-196
  • Hannon, S.J., Cotterill, S.E., Nest predation in Aspen woodlots in an agricultural area in Alberta: the enemy from within (1998) Auk, 115, pp. 16-25
  • Ibañez-Álamo, J.D., Magrath, R.D., Oteyza, J.C., Chalfoun, A.D., Haff, T.M., Schmidt, K.A., Thomson, R.L., Martin, T.E., Nest predation research: recent findings and future perspectives (2015) J Ornithol, 156, pp. 247-262
  • Keyser, A.J., Nest predation in fragmented forests: landscape matrix by distance from the edge interactions (2002) Wilson Bull, 114, pp. 186-191
  • King, D.I., DeGraaf, R.M., Griffin, C.R., Maier, T.J., Do predation rates on artificial nests accurately reflect predation rates on natural bird nests? (1999) J Field Ornithol, 70, pp. 257-262
  • Lahti, D.C., The “edge effect on predation” hypothesis after twenty years (2001) Biol Conserv, 99, pp. 365-374
  • Leimgruber, P., McShea, W.J., Rappole, J.H., Predation on artificial nests in large forest blocks (1994) J Wildl Manag, 58, pp. 254-260
  • Lepczyk, C.A., Merting, A.G., Liu, J., Landowners and cat predation across rural-to-urban landscape (2003) Biol Conserv, 115, pp. 191-201
  • Lewis, K.P., How important is the statistical approach for analyzing categorical data? A critique using artificial nests (2004) Oikos, 104, pp. 305-315
  • Lindenmayer, D.B., Franklin, J.F., (2002) Conserving forest biodiversity: a comprehensive multiscaled approach, , Island Press, Washington
  • Linder, E.T., Bollinger, E.K., Depredation of artificial Ovenbird nests in a forest patch (1995) Wilson Bull, 107, pp. 169-174
  • Marini, M.A., Robinson, S.K., Heske, E.J., Edge effects on nest predation in the Shawnee National Forest, Southern Illinois (1995) Biol Conserv, 74, pp. 203-213
  • Martin, T.E., Artificial nest experiments: effects of nest appearance and type of predator (1987) Condor, 89, pp. 925-928
  • Martin, T.E., Nest predation and nest sites. New perspectives on old patterns (1993) BioScience, 43, pp. 523-532
  • Mezquida, E.T., Marone, L., Microhabitat structure and avian nest predation risk in an open Argentinean woodland: an experimental study (2002) Acta Oecol, 23, pp. 313-320
  • Moore, R.P., Robinson, W.D., Artificial bird nests, external validity, and bias in ecological field studies (2004) Ecology, 85, pp. 1562-1567
  • Narosky, T., Salvador, S., (1998) Nidificación de las aves argentinas: Tyrannidae, , Asociación Ornitológica del Plata, Buenos Aires
  • Nour, N., Matthysen, E., Dhondt, A.A., Artificial nest predation and habitat fragmentation: different trends in bird and mammal predators (1993) Ecography, 16, pp. 111-116
  • Pangau-Adam, M.Z., Waltert, M., Mühlenberg, M., Nest predations risk on ground and shrub nests in forest margin areas of Sulawesi, Indonesia (2006) Biodivers Conserv, 15, pp. 4143-4158
  • Paton, P.W., The effect of edge on avian nest success: How strong is the evidence? (1994) Conserv Biol, 8, pp. 17-26
  • Piper, S.D., Catterall, C.P., Effects of edge type and nest height on predation of artificial nest within subtropical Australian eucalypt forest (2004) For Ecol Manag, 203, pp. 361-372
  • Quinn, G.P., Keough, M.J., (2002) Experimental design and data analysis for biologists, , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Reitsma, L., Is nest predation density dependent? A test using artificial nests (1992) Can J Zool, 70, pp. 2498-24500
  • Robinson, S.K., Population dynamics of breeding Neotropical migrants in a fragmented Illinois landscape (1992) Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds, pp. 408-418. , Hagan JM, Johnson DH, (eds), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington
  • Robinson, S.K., Wilcove, D.S., Forest fragmentation in the temperate zone and its effects on migratory songbirds (1994) Bird Conserv Int, 4, pp. 233-249
  • Santos, T., Tellería, J.L., Edge effects on nest predation in Mediterranean fragmented forest (1992) Biol Conserv, 60, pp. 1-5
  • Saracco, J.F., Collazo, J.A., Predation on artificial nest along three edge type in a North Carolina bottomland hardwood forest (1999) Wilson Bull, 111, pp. 541-549
  • Saunders, D.A., Hobbs, R.J., Margules, C.R., Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review (1991) Conserv Biol, 5, pp. 18-32
  • Schmidt, K.A., Nest predation and population declines in Illinois songbirds: a case for mesopredator effects (2003) Conserv Biol, 17, pp. 1141-1150
  • Söderström, B., Pärt, T., Rydén, J., Different nest predator faunas and nest predation risk on ground and shrub nests at forest ecotones: an experiment and review (1998) Oecologia, 117, pp. 108-118
  • Sosa, R.A., (2008) Efectos de la fragmentación del bosque de caldén sobre las comunidades de aves en el centro-este de La Pampa (PhD dissertation), , Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires
  • Suarez, A.V., Pfenning, K.S., Robinson, S.K., Nesting success of a disturbance–dependent songbird on different kinds of edges (1997) Conserv Biol, 11, pp. 928-935
  • Tellería, J.L., Díaz, M., Avian nest predation in a large natural gap of the Amazonian rainforest (1995) J Field Ornithol, 66, pp. 343-351
  • Vetter, D., Rücker, G., Storch, I., A meta-analysis of tropical forest edge effects on bird nest predation risk: edge effects in avian nest predation (2013) Biol Conserv, 159, pp. 382-395
  • Villard, M.A., Pärt, T., Don’t put all your eggs in real nests: a sequel to Faaborg (2004) Conserv Biol, 18, pp. 371-372
  • Wetzel, R.M., Taxonomy and distribution of armadillos, Dasypodidae (1985) The evolution and ecology of armadillos, sloths, and vermilinguas, pp. 23-46. , Montgomery G, (ed), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington
  • Wilcove, D.S., Nest predation in forest tracts and the decline of migratory songbirds (1985) Ecology, 66, pp. 1211-1214
  • Wilcove, D.S., McLellan, C.H., Dobson, A.P., Habitat fragmentation in temperate zone (1986) Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity, pp. 237-256. , Soulé M, (ed), Sinauer, Sunderland
  • Willebrand, T., Mareström, V., On the danger of using dummy nests to study predation (1988) Auk, 105, pp. 378-379
  • Yahner, R.H., Cypher, B.L., Effects of nest location on depredation of artificial arboreal nests (1987) J Wildl Manag, 51, pp. 178-181
  • Yahner, R.H., Scott, D.P., Effects of forest fragmentation on depredation of artificial nests (1988) J Wildl Manag, 52, pp. 158-161
  • Zanette, L., What do artificial nests tells us about nest predation? (2002) Biol Conserv, 103, pp. 323-329
  • Zanette, L., Jenkins, B., Nesting success and nest predators in forest fragments: a study using real and artificial nests (2000) Auk, 117, pp. 445-454
  • Zuria, I., Gates, J.E., Castellanos, I., Artificial nest predation in hedgerows and scrub forest in a human-dominated landscape of central Mexico (2007) Acta Oecol, 31, pp. 158-167


---------- APA ----------
Sosa, R.A. & Lopez de Casenave, J. (2017) . Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis. Ecological Research, 32(2), 129-134.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Sosa, R.A., Lopez de Casenave, J. "Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis" . Ecological Research 32, no. 2 (2017) : 129-134.
---------- MLA ----------
Sosa, R.A., Lopez de Casenave, J. "Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis" . Ecological Research, vol. 32, no. 2, 2017, pp. 129-134.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Sosa, R.A., Lopez de Casenave, J. Edge effect on bird nest predation in the fragmented caldén (Prosopis caldenia) forest of central Argentina: an experimental analysis. Ecol. Res. 2017;32(2):129-134.