El editor solo permite decargar el artículo en su versión post-print desde el repositorio. Por favor, si usted posee dicha versión, enviela a
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


The first paleomagnetic data from autochthonous Cambrian rocks in NW Argentina is reported to constrain the apparent polar wander path (APWP) of Gondwana during the Early Paleozoic. The paleomagnetic pole (Lat 4.5°S; Long 359.0°E; dp = 5.5; dm = 8.8; n = 26) was obtained from the red to purple sandstones of the Campanario Formation. These rocks present a characteristic remanence carried by fine-grained hematite. The pole indicates that during the Late Cambrian, rocks now exposed in the Eastern Cordillera of NW Argentina were deposited at relatively low latitudes (≈26°S), consistent with intense chemical alteration during wet and warm climates, as indicated from petrography of apparent first-cycle quarzites of the Mesón Group. However, the pole position is anomalous with respect to the most accepted apparent polar wander paths for Gondwana, suggesting that the study area (22°50′S, 65°00′W) underwent clockwise rotation of 38° ± 8°, likely related to the Cenozoic central Andes rotation pattern characteristic of the region. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of the first paleomagnetic results from the Middle-Late Cambrian Mesón Group: NW Argentina
Autor:Spagnuolo, C.M.; Rapalini, A.E.; Astini, R.A.
Filiación:INGEODAV, Depto.Cs.Geológicas, F.C.E.yN., Pabellon 2, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EHA Buenos Aires, Argentina
Laboratorio de Análisis de Cuencas, Cátedra de Estratigrafía y Geología Histórica, F.C.E.F.yN., Av. Velez Sarsfield 1611, X5016GCA Córdoba, Argentina
Palabras clave:Cambrian; Gondwana; Northwestern Argentina; Orocline; Paleomagnetism; Cambrian; Gondwana; hematite; paleoclimate; paleogeography; paleomagnetism; petrography; quartzite; sandstone; tectonics; Argentina; South America
Página de inicio:86
Página de fin:99
Título revista:Journal of South American Earth Sciences
Título revista abreviado:J. South Am. Earth Sci.


  • Aceñolaza, F.G., Buatois, L.A., Mángano, M.G., Esteban, S., Tortello, M.F., Aceñolaza G.F., 1999. Cámbrico y Ordovícico del Noroeste argentino. In: Caminos, R. (Ed.), Geología Argentina, Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales, Anales 29, pp. 167-187; Allmendinger, R.W., Jordan, T., Kay, S., Isacks, B.L., The evolution of the Altiplano-Puna Plateau of the Central Andes (1997) Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 25, pp. 139-174
  • Astini, R.A., The Ordovician Proto-Andean Basins (2003) Ordovician Fossils of Argentina, pp. 1-74. , Benedetto J.L. (Ed), Secretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina
  • Astini, R., Spagnuolo, C., Dávila, F., Rapalini, A., 2005. El Grupo Mesón y la discordancia irúyica en el noroeste argentino: un aporte para la discusión de su origen. 16° Congreso Geológico Argentino, La Plata, Argentina. Actas CD; Bachmann, G., Grauert, B., Kramm, U., Lork, A., Miller, H., 1987. El magmatismo del Cámbrico Medio-Cámbrico Superior en el basamento del noroeste argentino: investigaciones isotópicas y geocronológicas sobre los granitoides de los complejos intrusivos Santa Rosa de Tastil y Cañaní. Actas 10° Congreso Geológico Argentino, San Miguel de Tucumán, Tomo 4, pp. 125-127; Basei, M.A.S., Siga Jr., O., Masquelin, H., Harara, O.M., Reis Neto, J.M., Preciozzi, P.F., 2000. The Dom Feliciano Belt of Brazil and Uruguay and its foreland Domain, the Río de la Plata Craton. In: Cordani, U.G., Milani, E.J., Thomaz-Filho, A., Campos, D.A. (Eds.), Tectonic Evolution of South America, Río de Janeiro, pp. 311-334; Beck, M., Burmester, R.F., Craig, D.E., Gromme, C.S., Wells, R.E., Paleomagnetism of Middle Tertiary volcanic rocks from the western cascade series, Northern California (1986) Journal of Geophysical Research, 91 (B8), pp. 8212-8230
  • Beck, M., On the mechanism of crustal block rotations in the central Andes (1998) Tectonophysics, 299, pp. 75-92
  • Buatois, L.A., Mangano, M.G., La icnofauna de la Formación Puncoviscana en el noroeste argentino: la colonización de fondos oceánicos y reconstrucción de paleoambientes y paleoecosistemas de la transición precámbrica-cámbrica (2003) Ameghiniana, 40 (1), pp. 103-117
  • Campos Neto, M., 2000. Orogenic Systems from Southwestern Gondwana. In: Cordani, U.G., Milani, E.J., Thomaz-Filho, A., Campos, D.A. (Eds.), Tectonic Evolution of South America, Río de Janeiro, pp. 19-40; Conti, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Coira, B., Koukharsky, M., Paleomagnetic evidence of an early Paleozoic rotated terrane in northwest Argentina: a clue for Gondwana-Laurentia interaction? (1996) Geology, 24 (10), pp. 953-956
  • D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Raposo, M.I.B., Egydio-Silva, M., Paleomagntic study of the Juiz de Fora Complex, SE Brazil: implications for Gondwana (2004) Gondwana Research, 7 (1), pp. 103-113
  • D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Babinsky, M., Trindade, R.I.F., Van Schmus, W.R., Ernesto, M., Simultaneous remagnetization and U-Pb isotope resetting in Neoproterozoic carbonates of the São Francisco craton, Brazil (2000) Precambrian Research, 99, pp. 179-196
  • D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Pacca, I.G., Sato, K., Paleomagnetism of metamorphic rocks from the Piquete region - Ribeira Valley, Southeastern Brazil (1986) Revista Brasileira de Geofísica, 4, pp. 79-84
  • Dávila, F. 1998. Proyecto Iruya, Informe Geológico. Unpublished report for IAMGOLD, 32 p; Do Campo, M., Guevara Ribeiro, S., Provenance analysis and tectonic setting of late Neoproterozoic metasedimentary successions in NW Argentina (2005) Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 19, pp. 143-153
  • Dott, R.H., The importance of eaolian abrasion in supermature quartz sandstones and the Paradox of weathering on vegetation-free landscapes (2003) Journal of Geology, 111, pp. 387-405
  • Evans, D.A., True polar wander, a supercontinental legacy (1998) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 157, pp. 329-341
  • Gansser, A., Facts and theories on the Andes (1973) Journal of the Geological Society London, 129, pp. 93-131
  • Gordon, R.G., Plate tectonic speed limits (1991) Nature, 349, pp. 16-17
  • Gose, W.A., Johnston, S.T., Thomas, R.J., Age of magnetization of Mesoproterozoic rocks from the Natal sector of the Namaqua-Natal belt, South Africa (2004) Journal of African Earth Sciences, 40, pp. 137-145
  • Grunow, A.M., Gondwana events and paleogeography: a paleomagnetic review (1999) Journal of African Earth Sciences, 28 (1), pp. 53-69
  • Gurnis, M., Torsvik, T.H., Rapid drift of large continents during the late Precambrian and Paleozoic: paleomagnetic constraints and dynamic models (1994) Geology, 22 (11), pp. 1.023-1.026
  • Hernández, R.M., Reynolds, J., Disalvo, A., Análisis tectosedimentario y ubicación geocronológica del Grupo Orán en el río Iruya (1996) Boletín de Informaciones Petroleras, Tercera Serie, 12 (45), pp. 80-93
  • Hodych, J.P., Buchan, K.L., Early Silurian paleolatitude of the Springdale Group redbeds of central Newfoundland: a paleomagnetic determination with a remanence anisotropy test for inclination error (1994) Geophysical Journal International, 117, pp. 640-652
  • Hongn, F.D., Arangure, A., Tubía, J.M., Mon, R., Estructura, fábrica magnética y emplazamiento de los granitos de Brealito y La Paya, basamento del valle Calchaquí, Salta, Argentina (1999) Acta Geológica Hispánica, 34 (2-3), pp. 301-317
  • Johnsson, M.J., Stallard, R.F., Meade, R.H., First-cycle quartz arenites in the Orinoco Basin, Venezuela and Colombia (1988) Journal of Geology, 96, pp. 263-277
  • Johnsson, M.J., Stallard, R.F., Lundberg, N., Controls on the comosition of fluvial sands from a tropical weathering environment: Sands of the Orinoco River drainage basin, Venezuela and Colombia (1991) Geological Society of American Bulletin, 103, pp. 1622-1647
  • Kirschvink, J.L., The least-squares line and plane and the analysis of paleomagnetic data (1980) Geophysical Journal Royal Astronomical Society, 67, pp. 699-718
  • Kley, J., Transition from basement-involved to thin-skinned thrusting in the Cordillera Oriental of southern Bolivia (1996) Tectonics, 15 (4), pp. 763-775
  • Kley, J., Monaldi, C.R., 1999. Estructura de las Sierras Subandinas y del Sistema de Santa Bárbara. In: Gónzalez Bonorino, G., Omarini, R., Viramonte, J. (Eds.), XIV Congreso Geológico Argentino, Salta, Tomo I, pp. 415-425; Lamb, S., Verticle axis rotation in the Bolivian orocline, South America, 1, Paleomagnetic analysis of Cretaceous and Cenozoic rocks (2001) Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 (10), pp. 26605-26632
  • Lottes, A.L., Rowley, D.B., 1990. Reconstruction of the Laurasian and Gondwanan segments of Permian Pangaea. Paleogeography and Biogeography, Geological Society Memoir No. 12, pp. 383-395; Mangano, M.G., Buatois, L.A., Reconstructing Early Phanerozoic intertidal ecosystems: ichnology of the Campanario Formation in NW Argentina (2004) Fossils and Strata, 51, pp. 17-38
  • Marengo, L., Astini, R., 2004. Las concentraciones fosilíferas de la Formación Santa Rosita (Cámbrico Superior-Tremadociano), Río Iruya, Provincia de Salta, Argentina. Actas X Reunión Argentina de Sedimentología, San Luis, Argentina, pp. 95-97; McElhinny, M.W., Statistical significance of the fold test in Paleomagnetism (1964) Geophysical Journal Royal Astrony Society, 8, pp. 33-40
  • McFadden, P.L., The fold test as an analytical tool (1990) Geophysical Journal International, 135 (2), pp. 329-338. , 10.1046/j.1365-246X.1998.00640.x
  • Meert, J.G., Growing Gondwana and rethinking Rodinia: a paleomagnetic perspective (2001) Gondwana Research, 4 (3), pp. 279-288
  • Meert, J.G., Van der Voo, R., Paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar study of the Sinyai Dolerite, Kenya: implications for Gondwana Assembly (1996) Journal of Geology, 104, pp. 131-142
  • Meert, J.G., Nédélec, A., Hall, C., The stratoid granites of central Madagascar: paleomagnetism on further age constraints on neoproterozoic deformation (2003) Precambrian Research, 120 (1-2), pp. 101-129
  • Mon, R., 1999. Cordillera Oriental. In: Gónzalez Bonorino, G., Omarini, R., Viramonte, J. (Eds.), XIV Congreso Geológico Argentino, Salta, Tomo I, pp. 426-431; Mon, R., Hongn, F.D., Estructura del basamento proterozoico y paleozoico inferior del norte argentino (1996) Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 51 (1), pp. 3-14
  • Mon, R., Salfity, J.A., 1995. Tectonic evolution of the Andes in Northern Argentina. In: Tankard, A.J., Suárez, R.S., Welsink, H.J., Petroleum basins of South America, AAPG Memoir 62, pp. 269-283; Omarini, R.H., Sureda, R.J., Gotze, H.J., Seilacher, A., Pfluger, F., Puncoviscana folded belt in Northwestern Argentina: testimony of Late Proterozoic Rodinia fragmentation and pre-Gondwana collision episodes (1999) International Journal of Earth Science, 88, pp. 76-97
  • Omarini, R.H., Torres, J.G., Moya, L.A., El stock Tipayoc: génesis magmática en un arco de islas del Cámbrico Inferior en el Noroeste de Argentina (1996) Actas 13° Congreso Geológico Argentino, 3° Congreso Geológico de Hidrocarburos, 5, pp. 545-560
  • Pettijohn, F.J., Potter, P., Siever, R., (1972) Sand and Sandstones, , Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelber, New York 18 pp
  • Ramos, V.A., Late Proterozoic-Early Paleozoic of South America-a collisional history (1988) Episodes, 11, pp. 168-174
  • Ramos, V.A., Plate tectonic setting of the Andean Cordillera (1999) Episodes, 22 (3), pp. 183-190
  • Ramos, V.A., 1999b. Las Provincias geológicas del territorio argentino. Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales, Geología Argentina, Anales 29 (24), pp. 41-96; Ramos, V.A., 1999c. Rasgos estructurales del territorio argentino. Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales, Geología Argentina, Anales 29 (24), pp. 715-784; Ramos, V.A., 2000. The Southern Central Andes. In: Cordani, U.G., Milani, E.J., Thomaz Filho, A., Campos, D.A. (Eds.), Tectonic Evolution of South America. 31° International Geological Congress, Río de Janeiro, pp. 561-604; Ramos, V.A., Zapata, T., Cristallini, E., Introcaso, A., 2004. The Andean thrust system-Latitudinal variations in structural styles and orogenic shortening. In: McClay (Ed.). Thrust tectonics and hydrocarbon systems: AAPG Memoir 82, pp. 30-50; Randall, D.E., A new Jurasic-Recent apparent polar wander path for South America and a review of central Andean tectonic models (1998) Tectonophysics, 299, pp. 49-74
  • Rapalini, A.E., 2005. The accretionary history of southern South America from the latest Proterozoic to the Late Palaeozoic: some palaeomagnetic constraints. In: Vaughan, A.P.M., Leat, P.T., Pankhurst, R.J. (Eds.), Terrane Processes at eht Margins of Gondwana. Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 246, pp. 305-328; Rapalini, A.E., Cingolani, C.A., First Late Ordovician paleomagnetic pole for the Cuyania (Precordillera) terraine of western Argentina: a microcontinent of a Laurentian plateau? (2004) Gondwana Research, 7 (4), pp. 1089-1104
  • Rapela, C.W., Casquet, C., Baldo, E., Dahlquist, J., Pankhurst, R.J., Galindo, C., Saavedra, J., Las Orogénesis del Paleozoico Inferior en el margen proto-andino de América del Sur, Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina (2001) Journal of Iberian Geology, 27, pp. 23-41
  • Rapela, C.W., Pankhurst, R.J., Casquet, C., Baldo, E., Saavedra, J., Galindo, C., Fanning, C.M., 1998. The Pampean Orogeny of the suthern proto-Andes: Cambrian continental collision in the Sierrras de Córdoba. In: Pankhurst, Rapela (Eds.), The Proto-Andean Margin of Gondwana. Geological Society, Special Publication 142, pp. 181-217; Richards, D.R., Butler, R.F., Vertical-axis rotations determined from paleomagnetism of Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata of the Bolivian Andes (2004) Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (B07104), p. 21
  • Rubiolo, D., 2001. Descripción geológica de la Hoja 2366-II/2166-IV, La Quiaca. Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino e Instituto de Geología y recursos Minerales. Boletín No. 246; Russo, A., 1954. Levantamiento geológico en los Departamentos Orán, Iruya y Santa Victoria (Pcia de Salta) y Humahuaca (Pcia de Jujuy). Unpublished report for YPF, Bs.As, Argentina; Russo, A., Barcat, C., Relación entre los sedimentos cámbricos y ordovícicos en el norte de las provincias de Salta y Jujuy (1978) Acta Geológica Lilloana, Suplemento, 14 (2), pp. 117-119
  • Sánchez, M.C., Salfity, J.A., La cuenca cámbrica del Grupo Mesón en el Noroeste Argentino: desarrollo estratigráfico y paleogeográfico (1999) Acta Geológica Hispánica, 34 (2-3), pp. 123-139
  • Sánchez Bettucci, L., Rapalini, A.E., Paleomagnetism of the Sierras de las Ánimas Complex, Southern Uruguay: its implications in the assembly of western Gondwana (2002) Precambrian Research, 118, pp. 243-265
  • Schwartz, J.J., Gromet, L.P., Provenance of a late Proterozoic-early Cambrian basin, Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina (2004) Precambrian Research, 129, pp. 1-21
  • Simpson, C., Lan, R.D., Gromet, L.P., Miro, R., Northrup, C.J., Paleozoic deformation in the Sierras de Córdoba and Sierra de las Minas, eastern Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina (2003) Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 15, pp. 749-764
  • Somoza, R., Tomlinson, A., Paleomagnetism in the Precordillera of northern Chile (22°30′S): implications for the history of tectonic rotations in the Central Andes (2002) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 194, pp. 369-381
  • Somoza, R., Singer, S., Coira, B., Paleomagnetism of upper Miocene ignimbrites at Puna: an analysis of vertical-axis rotations in the Central Andes (1996) Journal of Geophysical Research, 101 (B5), pp. 11.387-11.400
  • Spagnuolo, C.M., 2004. Geología del anticlinal de Matancillas y paleomagnetismo del Grupo Mesón en la provincia de Salta. Department of Geological Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Graduate thesis, unpublished. 101 pp; Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Astini, R.A., in press. Paleomagnetic confirmation of Paleozoic clockwise rotation of the Famatina Ranges (NW Argentina): implications for the evolution of the SW margin of Gondwana. Geophysical Journal International; Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Astini, R.A., 2005. Preliminary paleomagnetic results from the cambrian Mesón group: implications for the Bolivian Orocline. 6° International Symposium of Andean Geodynamics, Barcelona, España; Tan, X., Kodama, K.P., Magnetic anisotropy and paleomagnetic inclination shallowing in red beds: evidence from the Mississippian Mauch Chunk Formation, Pennsylvania (2002) Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (B11), p. 2311
  • Trindade, R.I.F., D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Epof, I., Brito Neves, B.B., Paleomagnetism of Early Cambrian Itabaiana mafic dikes (NE Brazil) and the final assembly of Gondwana (2006) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 244, pp. 361-377
  • Trindade, R.I.F., D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Babinsky, M., Font, E., Brito Neves, B.B., Paleomagnetism and geochronology of the Bebedouro cap carbonate: evidence for continental-scale Cambrian remagnetization in the São Francisco craton, Brazil (2004) Precambrian Research, 128 (1-2), pp. 83-103
  • Turner, J.C.M., Estratigrafía de la Sierra de Santa Victoria y adyacencias (1960) Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de la República Argentina, 41 (2), pp. 163-196
  • Turner, J.C.M., Mendez, V., 1975. Geología del sector oriental de los Departamentos de Santa Victoria e Iruya, Provincia de Salta. República Argentina. Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias, 51, pp. 11-24


---------- APA ----------
Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E. & Astini, R.A. (2008) . Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of the first paleomagnetic results from the Middle-Late Cambrian Mesón Group: NW Argentina. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 25(1), 86-99.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Astini, R.A. "Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of the first paleomagnetic results from the Middle-Late Cambrian Mesón Group: NW Argentina" . Journal of South American Earth Sciences 25, no. 1 (2008) : 86-99.
---------- MLA ----------
Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Astini, R.A. "Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of the first paleomagnetic results from the Middle-Late Cambrian Mesón Group: NW Argentina" . Journal of South American Earth Sciences, vol. 25, no. 1, 2008, pp. 86-99.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Spagnuolo, C.M., Rapalini, A.E., Astini, R.A. Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of the first paleomagnetic results from the Middle-Late Cambrian Mesón Group: NW Argentina. J. South Am. Earth Sci. 2008;25(1):86-99.