A particularly longstanding, prevalent, and well-documented stereotype is the belief that men possess higher-level cognitive abilities than women do. This brilliance = male stereotype has been shown to be endorsed even by children as young as 6-years-old and is believed to be a factor driving the underrepresentation of women in STEM fields. Motivated by the fact that cultural products serve as a source for acquiring individual values and behaviors, we study the presence of this stereotype in a large collection of movie transcripts covering half a century of Western-world film history (n = 11,550). Concretely, we use natural language processing techniques to quantify associations between gender pronouns and high-level cognitive ability-related words. Overall, our estimates suggest that, at an aggregate level, the brilliance = male stereotype is effectively present in films and that movies specifically targeted at children contain this stereotypical association. Moreover, this pattern seems to have been quite persistent for the last 50 years. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
|Título:||Half a Century of Stereotyping Associations Between Gender and Intellectual Ability in Films|
|Autor:||Gálvez, R.H.; Tiffenberg, V.; Altszyler, E.|
|Filiación:||Departamento de Computación, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
Instituto de Ciencias de la Computación, CONICET-UBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Fundación Sadosky, Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Palabras clave:||Brilliance = male stereotype; Computational content analysis; Culturomics; Film history; Gender stereotypes; STEM fields|
|Título revista:||Sex Roles|
|Título revista abreviado:||Sex Roles|
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---------- APA ----------Gálvez, R.H., Tiffenberg, V. & Altszyler, E.
. Half a Century of Stereotyping Associations Between Gender and Intellectual Ability in Films. Sex Roles.
---------- CHICAGO ----------Gálvez, R.H., Tiffenberg, V., Altszyler, E.
"Half a Century of Stereotyping Associations Between Gender and Intellectual Ability in Films"
. Sex Roles
---------- MLA ----------Gálvez, R.H., Tiffenberg, V., Altszyler, E.
"Half a Century of Stereotyping Associations Between Gender and Intellectual Ability in Films"
. Sex Roles, 2019.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------Gálvez, R.H., Tiffenberg, V., Altszyler, E. Half a Century of Stereotyping Associations Between Gender and Intellectual Ability in Films. Sex Roles. 2019.