Artículo

Cossa, N.A.; Tuero, D.T.; Reboreda, J.C.; Fiorini, V.D."Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion" (2017) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 71(4)
Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor

Abstract:

Abstract: Shiny cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) are generalist brood parasites that use hosts varying in body and egg size. On the contrary, screaming cowbirds (M. rufoaxillaris), which are larger than shiny cowbirds, are host specialist that use mainly one host of similar body and egg size. Both parasites peck and puncture eggs when visiting nests. Through puncturing eggs, cowbirds can reduce the competition for food their chicks face (reduction of competition hypothesis), but the same behavior could also be a mechanism to enforce host to renest when nests are found late in the nesting cycle (farming hypothesis). Eggshell strength increases the difficulty to puncture eggs and therefore may modulate egg-pecking behavior. To test these hypotheses, we studied the effect of the degree of clutch completion and egg size on egg-puncturing behavior. Moreover, we evaluated if morphological differences between cowbird species and eggshell strength affected egg-pecking behavior. We presented captive females a nest with complete (four eggs) or incomplete (one egg) clutches of house wren (small egg size, low eggshell strength), chalk-browed mockingbird (large egg size, intermediate eggshell strength), or shiny cowbird (medium egg size, high eggshell strength). The proportion of nests with punctured eggs was similar for complete and incomplete clutches. Cowbirds punctured more eggs in complete than in incomplete clutches, but in complete clutches, they did not destroy the entire clutch. There were no differences in the egg-pecking behavior between cowbird species, which pecked more frequently the eggs with the strongest eggshell. Our findings are consistent with the reduction of competition hypothesis. Significance statement: Brood parasitic birds do not build nests and raise their chicks. Instead, they lay eggs in nests of other species (hosts), which carry out all parental care. Some brood parasites, like the cowbirds, peck and puncture eggs when they visit host nests. This behavior may help to reduce the competition for food that their chicks face in the nest (reduction of competition hypothesis) or may enforce hosts to renest (farming hypothesis). We experimentally studied egg-pecking and egg-puncturing behaviors in the host generalist shiny cowbird and the host specialist screaming cowbird. We found that the degree of clutch completion and egg size modulate egg-puncturing behavior and eggshell strength modulates egg-pecking behavior. Our results indicate that by puncturing eggs, cowbirds reduce nest competition. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion
Autor:Cossa, N.A.; Tuero, D.T.; Reboreda, J.C.; Fiorini, V.D.
Filiación:Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución & IEGEBA-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón II Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Brood parasitism; Farming hypothesis; Molothrus bonariensis; Molothrus rufoaxillaris; Reduction of competition hypothesis; brood parasitism; clutch size; egg size; eggshell; generalist; hypothesis testing; nesting behavior; passerine; specialist; Aves; Molothrus; Molothrus bonariensis; Molothrus rufoaxillaris; Troglodytes
Año:2017
Volumen:71
Número:4
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-017-2289-1
Handle:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12110/paper_03405443_v71_n4_p_Cossa
Título revista:Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Título revista abreviado:Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.
ISSN:03405443
CODEN:BESOD
Registro:https://bibliotecadigital.exactas.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_03405443_v71_n4_p_Cossa

Referencias:

  • Arcese, P., Smith, J.N., James, N.M., Hatch, M.I., Nest predation by cowbirds and its consequences for passerine demography (1996) P Natl Acad Sci USA, 93, pp. 4608-4611. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaK28XjtVKmu7o%3D
  • Astié, A.A., Reboreda, J.C., Function of egg punctures by shiny cowbird in parasitized and unparasitized creamy-bellied thrush nests (2009) J Field Ornithol, 80, pp. 336-343
  • Molothrus bonariensis and Molothrus rufoaxillaris (2016) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016–3, , http://maps.iucnredlist.org/map.html?id=22724342
  • Carter, M.D., The parasitic behavior of the bronzed cowbird Molothrus aeneus in south Texas USA (1986) Condor, 88, pp. 11-25
  • Davies, N.B., (2000) Cuckoos, cowbirds and other cheats, , T. & A.D, Poyser
  • Davies, N.B., Brooke, M.D.L., Cuckoos versus reed warblers: adaptations and counteradaptations (1988) Anim Behav, 36, pp. 262-284
  • De Mársico, M.C., Reboreda, J.C., Egg-laying behavior in screaming cowbirds: why does a specialist brood parasite waste so many eggs? (2008) Condor, 110, pp. 143-153
  • De Mársico, M.C., Reboreda, J.C., Brood parasitism increases mortality of bay-winged cowbird nests (2010) Condor, 112, pp. 407-417
  • De Mársico, M.C., Reboreda, J.C., High frequency but low impact of brood parasitism by the specialist screaming cowbird on its primary host, the baywing (2014) Emu, 114, pp. 309-316
  • Di Giacomo, A.G., Reboreda, J.C., Reproductive success of the specialist brood parasite screaming cowbird in an alternative host, the chopi blackbird (2015) Auk, 132, pp. 16-24
  • Domínguez, M., de la Colina, M.A., Di Giacomo, A.G., Reboreda, J.C., Mahler, B., Host switching in cowbird brood parasites: how often does it occur? (2015) J Evol Biol, 28, pp. 1290-1297. , PID: 25903962
  • Dubina, K.M., Peer, B.D., Egg pecking and discrimination by female and male brown-headed cowbirds (2013) J Ornithol, 154, pp. 553-557
  • Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Cues used by shiny cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) to locate and parasitise chalk-browed mockingbird (Mimus saturninus) nests (2006) Behav Ecol Sociobiol, 60, pp. 379-385
  • Fiorini, V.D., Tuero, D.T., Reboreda, J.C., Shiny cowbirds synchronize parasitism with host laying and puncture host eggs according to host characteristics (2009) Anim Behav, 77, pp. 561-568
  • Fiorini, V.D., Gloag, R., Reboreda, J.C., Kacelnik, A., Strategic egg destruction by brood parasitic cowbirds? (2014) Anim Behav, 93, pp. 229-235
  • Fraga, R.M., The eggs of the parasitic screaming cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris) and its host, the bay-winged cowbird (M. badius): is there evidence for mimicry? (1983) J Ornithol, 124, pp. 187-193
  • Fraga, R.M., Interactions of the parasitic screaming and shiny cowbirds (Molothrus rufoaxillaris and M. bonariensis) with a shared host, the bay-winged cowbird (M. badius) (1998) Parasitic birds and their hosts: studies in coevolution, pp. 173-193. , Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, (eds), Oxford University Press, New York
  • Gloag, R., Tuero, D.T., Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Kacelnik, A., The economics of nestmate-killing in avian brood parasites: a provisions trade-off (2012) Behav Ecol, 23, pp. 132-140
  • Gloag, R., Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Kacelnik, A., The wages of violence: mobbing by mockingbirds as a frontline defence against brood parasitic cowbirds (2013) Anim Behav, 86, pp. 1023-1029
  • Gloag, R., Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Kacelnik, A., Shiny cowbirds share foster mothers but not true mothers in multiply parasitized mockingbird nests (2014) Behav Ecol Sociobiol, 68, pp. 681-689
  • (2007) GraphPad Prism, version 6.02, , https://www.graphpad.com/scientific-software/prism/, GraphPad Software Inc GraphPad Software Inc., San Diego
  • Hoover, J.P., Robinson, S.K., Retaliatory mafia behavior by a parasitic cowbird favors host acceptance of parasitic eggs (2007) P Natl Acad Sci USA, 104, pp. 4479-4483. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXjsFKntLc%3D
  • Hoy, G., Ottow, J., Biological and oological studies of the molothrine cowbirds (Icteridae) of Argentina (1964) Auk, 81, pp. 186-203
  • Jaramillo, A., Burke, P., (1999) New world blackbirds: the icterids, , Princeton University Press, Princeton
  • Lanyon, S.M., Interspecific brood parasitism in blackbirds (Icterinae): a phylogenetic perspective (1992) Science, 255, pp. 77-79. , COI: 1:STN:280:DyaK383gsFeitA%3D%3D, PID: 1553533
  • Logan, M., (2010) Biostatistical design and analysis using R: a practical guide, , Wiley, West Sussex
  • López, A., Comparative analysis of the eggshell characteristics of the parasitic species (genus Molothrus) and their main hosts (2013) Undergraduate thesis, , University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires
  • Lowther, P.E., Lists of victims and hosts of the parasitic cowbirds (2016) The Field Museum, , https://www.fieldmuseum.org/sites/default/files/plowther/2014/09/24/cowbird_hosts-17sep2014.pdf
  • Mahler, B., Confalonieri, V.A., Lovette, I.J., Reboreda, J.C., Partial host fidelity in nest selection by the shiny cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis), a highly generalist avian brood parasite (2007) J Evol Biol, 20, pp. 1918-1923. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXhtFaht77N, PID: 17714308
  • Mason, P., Brood parasitism in a host generalist, the shiny cowbird: I. The quality of different species as hosts (1986) Auk, 103, pp. 52-60
  • Mason, P., Brood parasitism in a host generalist, the shiny cowbird: II. Host selection (1986) Auk, 103, pp. 61-69
  • Massoni, V., Reboreda, J.C., Costs of brood parasitism and the lack of defenses on the yellow-winged blackbird-shiny cowbird system (1998) Behav Ecol Sociobiol, 42, pp. 273-280
  • Massoni, V., Reboreda, J.C., Egg puncture allows shiny cowbirds to assess host egg development and suitability for parasitism (1999) Proc R Soc Lond B, 266, pp. 1871-1874
  • Mermoz, M.E., Fernández, G.J., Breeding success of a specialist brood parasite, the screaming cowbird, parasitizing an alternative host (2003) Condor, 105, pp. 63-72
  • Mermoz, M.E., Ornelas, J.F., Phylogenetic analysis of life-history adaptations in parasitic cowbirds (2004) Behav Ecol, 15, pp. 109-119
  • Nakamura, T.K., Cruz, A., The ecology of egg-puncture behaviour by shiny cowbird in southwestern Puerto Rico (2000) Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts: studies in the conservation of North American passerine birds, pp. 178-186. , Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG, (eds), University of Texas Press, Austin
  • Ortega, C., (1998) Cowbirds and other brood parasites, , The University of Arizona Press, Tucson
  • Peer, B.D., Egg destruction and egg removal by avian brood parasites: adaptiveness and consequences (2006) Auk, 123, pp. 16-22
  • Peer, B.D., Bollinger, E.K., Explanations for the infrequent cowbird parasitism on common grackles (1997) Condor, 99, pp. 151-161
  • Peer, B.D., Bollinger, E.K., Why do female brown-headed cowbirds remove host eggs? A test of the incubation efficiency hypothesis (2000) Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts: studies in the conservation of North American passerine birds, pp. 187-192. , Smith JNM, Cook TL, Rothstein SI, Robinson SK, Sealy SG, Ehrlich PR, (eds), University of Texas Press, Austin
  • Peer, B.D., Sealy, S.G., Parasitism and egg puncture behaviour by bronzed and brown-headed cowbirds in sympatry (1999) Stud Avian Biol, 18, pp. 235-240
  • Picman, J., Mechanism of increased puncture resistance of eggs of brown-headed cowbirds (1989) Auk, 106, pp. 577-583
  • Picman, J., Pribil, S., Is greater eggshell density an alternative mechanism by which parasitic cuckoos increase the strength of their eggs? (1997) J Ornithol, 138, pp. 531-541
  • (2013) R: a language and environment for statistical computing, , http://www.r-project.org, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna
  • Reboreda, J.C., Clayton, N.S., Kacelnik, A., Species and sex differences in hippocampus size between parasitic and non-parasitic cowbirds (1996) Neuroreport, 7, pp. 505-508. , COI: 1:STN:280:DyaK283ptVKmtw%3D%3D, PID: 8730816
  • Rothstein, S.I., Successes and failures in avian egg and nestling recognition with comments on the utility of optimality reasoning (1982) Am Zool, 22, pp. 547-560
  • Sealy, S.G., Removal of yellow warbler eggs in association with cowbird parasitism (1992) Condor, 94, pp. 40-54
  • Servedio, M.R., Hauber, M.R., To eject or to abandon? Life history traits of hosts and parasites interact to influence the fitness payoffs of alternative anti-parasite strategies (2006) J Evol Biol, 19, pp. 1585-1594. , COI: 1:STN:280:DC%2BD28vosl2nsQ%3D%3D, PID: 16910987
  • Skaug, H., Fournier, D., Bolker, B., Magnusson, A., Nielsen, A., Generalized linear mixed models using AD model builder (2014) R package version 0.8, p. 0. , http://glmmadmb.r-forge.r-project.org/
  • Soler, M., Soler, J.J., Martínez, J.G., Great spotted cuckoos improve their reproductive success by damaging magpie host eggs (1997) Anim Behav, 54, pp. 1227-1233. , COI: 1:STN:280:DC%2BC2sjns1Omtw%3D%3D, PID: 9398375
  • Spottiswoode, C.N., A brood parasite selects for its own egg traits (2013) Biol Lett, 9, p. 20130573. , PID: 23966598
  • Spottiswoode, C.N., Colebrook-Robjent, J.F., Egg puncturing by the brood parasitic greater honeyguide and potential host counteradaptations (2007) Behav Ecol, 18, pp. 792-799
  • Swan, D.C., Zanette, L.Y., Clinchy, M., Brood parasites manipulate their hosts: experimental evidence for the farming hypothesis (2015) Anim Behav, 105, pp. 29-35
  • Tuero, D.T., Flexibilidad comportamental del Tordo Renegrido (Molothrus bonariensis) al parasitar diferentes hospedadores (2010) PhD thesis, , University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires
  • Tuero, D.T., Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Effects of shiny cowbird Molothrus bonariensis parasitism on different components of house wren Troglodytes aedon reproductive success (2007) Ibis, 149, pp. 521-529
  • Tuero, D.T., Fiorini, V.D., Reboreda, J.C., Do shiny cowbird females adjust egg pecking behavior according to the level of competition their chicks face in host nests? (2012) Behav Proccess, 89, pp. 137-142
  • Tuero, D.T., Fiorini, V.D., Mahler, B., Reboreda, J.C., Shiny cowbird Molothrus bonariensis egg size and chick growth vary between two hosts that differ markedly in body size (2012) J Avian Biol, 43, pp. 1-7
  • Zusi, R.L., (1984) A functional and evolutionary analysis of rhynchokinesis in birds, , Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington
  • Zuur, A.F., Ieno, E.N., Walker, N.J., Saveliev, A.A., Smith, G.M., (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R, , Springer, New York

Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Cossa, N.A., Tuero, D.T., Reboreda, J.C. & Fiorini, V.D. (2017) . Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 71(4).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-017-2289-1
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Cossa, N.A., Tuero, D.T., Reboreda, J.C., Fiorini, V.D. "Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion" . Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 71, no. 4 (2017).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-017-2289-1
---------- MLA ----------
Cossa, N.A., Tuero, D.T., Reboreda, J.C., Fiorini, V.D. "Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion" . Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 71, no. 4, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-017-2289-1
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Cossa, N.A., Tuero, D.T., Reboreda, J.C., Fiorini, V.D. Egg pecking and puncturing behaviors in shiny and screaming cowbirds: effects of eggshell strength and degree of clutch completion. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 2017;71(4).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-017-2289-1