Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


Abstract. 1. The floret inspection by honeybees Apis mellifera ligustica on inflorescences of Carduus acanthoides was studied in a natural patch. First‐day stage capitula were protected with a net hood against insect visits. The next day, the net hood was removed at the time of maximal nectar accumulation, allowing a bee to visit the inflorescence. Walking trajectories on the capitula, the number of florets inspected and the duration of the visit were recorded. After the bee's departure, the inflorescence was cut off and analysed in the laboratory to determine the presence or absence of nectar in each of its florets. 2. Bees made inspection trajectories without a defined systematic pattern. 3. The number of floret inspections performed represented a high percentage of the available florets (57.37 ± 2.81%; mean ± SE; n = 8). 4. The number of depleted florets coincided with the number of floret inspections. 5. The number of times a floret is visited in a bee's trajectory is non‐random. 6. Strategies that might account for this high foraging efficiency are discussed. Copyright © 1993, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved


Documento: Artículo
Título:Efficient floret inspection by honeybees in capitula of Carduus acanthoides
Autor:Giurfa, M.; Nunez, J.A.
Filiación:Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 4° piso CP 1428, Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina
Palabras clave:Apis mellifera; Carduus acanthoides; floret inspection; foraging efficiency; search pattern; floret inspection; foraging; honeybee; Apis mellifera ligustica; Carduus acanthoides
Página de inicio:116
Página de fin:122
Título revista:Ecological Entomology
Título revista abreviado:Ecol. Entomol.


  • Bell, W.J., (1991) Searching Behaviour: the behavioral ecology of finding resources., , Chapman and Hall, London
  • Cameron, S., Chemical signals in bumble bee foraging (1981) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 9, pp. 257-260
  • Corbet, S.A., Kerslake, C.J.C., Brown, D., Morland, N.E., Can bees select nectar‐rich flowers in a patch (1984) Journal of Apicultural Research, 23, pp. 234-242
  • Frankie, G.W., Vinson, S.B., Scent marking of passion flowers in Texas by females of Xylocopa virginica texana (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridac) (1977) Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 50, pp. 613-625
  • Free, J.B., (1987) Pheromones of Social Bees., , Chapman and Hall, London
  • Frisch, K.V., (1967) The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees., , Belknap Press, Cambridge, Mass
  • Ganeshaiah, K.N., Veena, T., Plant design and non‐random foraging of ants in Croton bonplandianum Baill (1988) Animal Behaviour, 36, pp. 1683-1690
  • Gilbert, F., The foraging ecology of hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae): circular movement on Compositac flowers (1983) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 13, pp. 253-257
  • Giurfa, M., The repellent scent‐mark of the honeybee Apis mellifera ligustica and its role as communication cue during foraging (1993) Insectes Sociaux, 40, pp. 1-9
  • Giurfa, M., Núñez, J.A., Honeybees mark with scent and reject recently visited flowers (1992) Oecologia, 89, pp. 113-117
  • Giurfa, M., Núñez, J.A., Foraging by honeybees on Carduus acanthoides: pattern and efficiency (1992) Ecological Entomology, 17, pp. 326-330
  • Heinrich, B., Energetics of pollination (1975) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 6, pp. 139-170
  • Heinrich, B., Resource heterogeneity and patterns of movement in foraging bumblebees (1979) Oecologia, 40, pp. 235-245
  • Kato, M., Bumble bee visits to Impatiens spp.: pattern and efficiency (1988) Oecologia, 76, pp. 364-377
  • Kerr, W.E., Ferreira, A., Simoes de Mattos, N., Communication among stingless bees: additional data (Hymenoptera: Apidae) (1963) Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 71, pp. 80-90
  • Kerr, W.E., Blum, M.S., Fales, H.M., Communication of food sources between workers of Trigona (Trigona) spinipes. (1981) Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 41, pp. 619-623
  • Kloppenburg, P., Ellerkmann, E., Erber, J., Antennal reflexes for different modalities in the honeybee (1989) Neural Mechanisms of Behavior (Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Neuroethology), p. 27. , ed. by, J. Erber, R. Menzel, H. J. Pfiüger, D. Todt, Thieme, Stuttgart
  • Lindaucr, M., Kerr, W.E., Die gegenseitige Verständigung bci den stachclosen Bienen (1958) Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Physiologic, 41, pp. 405-434
  • Mardcn, J.H., Remote perception of floral nectar by bumblebees (1984) Oecologia, 64, pp. 232-240
  • Menzel, R., Greggers, U., Temporal dynamics and foraging behaviour in honeybees (1992) Biology and Evolution of Social Insects, pp. 303-318. , ed. by, J. Billen, Leuven University Press
  • Núñez, J.A., Sammelbienen markieren versiegte Futter‐quellen durch Duft (1967) Naturwissenschaften, 54, pp. 322-323
  • Núñez, J.A., Nectar flow by melliferous flora and gathering flow by Apis mellifera ligustica. (1977) Journal of Insect Physiology, 23, pp. 265-275
  • Pribbenow, B., Faensen, D., Erber, J., Antennal scanning of mechanical objects in the honeybee Apis mellifera (1992) Rhythmogenesis in Neurons and Networks (Proceedings of the 20th Gòtüngen Neurobiology Conference), p. 150. , ed. by., N Eisner, D. W. Richter, Thieme, Stuttgart
  • Pyke, G.H., Optimal foraging: movement patterns of bumblebees between inflorescences (1978) Theoretical Population Biology, 13, pp. 72-98
  • Pyke, G.H., Foraging bumblebees: rule of departure from an inflorescence (1981) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 60, pp. 417-428
  • Schmid‐Hempel, P., The importance of handling time for the flight directionality in bees (1984) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 15, pp. 303-309
  • Schmitt, U., Bertsch, A., Do foraging bumblebees scent‐mark food sources and does it matter (1990) Oecologia, 82, pp. 137-144
  • Schmitt, U., Lübke, G., Francke, W., Tarsal secretion marks food sources in bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) (1991) Chemoecology, 2, pp. 35-40
  • Villa, J.D., Weiss, M.R., Observations on the use of visual and olfactory cues by Trigona spp. foragers (1990) Apidologie, 21, pp. 541-545
  • Westerkamp, C., Honeybees are poor pollinators ‐ why (1991) Plant Systematics and Evolution, 177, pp. 71-75
  • Wetherwax, P.B., Why do honeybees reject certain flowers (1986) Oecologia, 69, pp. 567-570
  • Zar, J.H., (1984) Biostatistical Analysis, , 2nd edn, Prentice Hall, New Jersey
  • Zimmerman, M., The effect of nectar production on neighborhood size (1982) Oecologia, 52, pp. 104-108
  • Zimmerman, M., Calculating nectar production rates: residual nectar and optimal foraging (1983) Oecologia, 58, pp. 258-259
  • Zimmerman, M., Plant reproduction and optimal foraging: experimental nectar manipulations in Delphinium nelsonii. (1983) Oikos, 41, pp. 57-63


---------- APA ----------
Giurfa, M. & Nunez, J.A. (1993) . Efficient floret inspection by honeybees in capitula of Carduus acanthoides. Ecological Entomology, 18(2), 116-122.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Giurfa, M., Nunez, J.A. "Efficient floret inspection by honeybees in capitula of Carduus acanthoides" . Ecological Entomology 18, no. 2 (1993) : 116-122.
---------- MLA ----------
Giurfa, M., Nunez, J.A. "Efficient floret inspection by honeybees in capitula of Carduus acanthoides" . Ecological Entomology, vol. 18, no. 2, 1993, pp. 116-122.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Giurfa, M., Nunez, J.A. Efficient floret inspection by honeybees in capitula of Carduus acanthoides. Ecol. Entomol. 1993;18(2):116-122.