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The eastern Andean slope from 34° to 37°S has a unique character when compared to neighboring sectors: Lower Miocene volcanic rocks cover upper Cretaceous to Eocene contractionally deformed deposits in the retroarc area. Remnants of the previous upper Oligocene arc front are found at the present-day western Andean slope, west of the mentioned Miocene arc sequences. These lavas and ignimbrites of the Charilehue Formation, typically described as an arc suite, have ages between 18 and 14.5. Ma and thickness over 1000. m, and are delimited by normal faults. Chemical analyses reveal that they have an anomalous chemistry characterized by poorly evolved mantle-derived rocks, which differ from Eocene and Late Miocene typical arc magmas in the region. Their spatial distribution depicts a NE trend more than 100. km long, whose outcrops were affected by Middle to Late Miocene compressional deformation and subsequent exhumation, as shown by field and fission track data. The Charilehue volcanic sequences represent the westernmost products of an incipient and poorly evolved arc that migrated and expanded to the foreland, initially coexisting with an extensional setting inherited from late Oligocene times. This complex evolution is interpreted as the result of a slab shallowing related to the time when the South American plate started its westward absolute shift after a quasistatic period in the Oligocene. The shift of the magmatism to the foreland probably caused a higher thermal gradient and, therefore, a shallower brittle-ductile transition that triggered thick-skinned basement tectonics in the retroarc region, reactivating Late Cretaceous to Eocene décollements. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Neogene magmatic expansion and mountain building processes in the southern Central Andes, 36-37°S, Argentina
Autor:Spagnuolo, M.G.; Litvak, V.D.; Folguera, A.; Bottesi, G.; Ramos, V.A.
Filiación:Laboratorio de Tectónica Andina del IDEAN (UBA-CONICET), Departamento de Geología, FCEyN Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
YPF, Area exploración, Argentina
Palabras clave:Arc widening; Miocene; Southern Andes; Volcanism; Cretaceous; deformation; Eocene; exhumation; fault; fission track dating; ignimbrite; island arc; lava; magmatism; Miocene; mountain region; Oligocene; slab; spatial distribution; volcanic rock; volcanism; Andes; Argentina
Página de inicio:81
Página de fin:94
Título revista:Journal of Geodynamics
Título revista abreviado:J. Geodyn.


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---------- APA ----------
Spagnuolo, M.G., Litvak, V.D., Folguera, A., Bottesi, G. & Ramos, V.A. (2012) . Neogene magmatic expansion and mountain building processes in the southern Central Andes, 36-37°S, Argentina. Journal of Geodynamics, 53(1), 81-94.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Spagnuolo, M.G., Litvak, V.D., Folguera, A., Bottesi, G., Ramos, V.A. "Neogene magmatic expansion and mountain building processes in the southern Central Andes, 36-37°S, Argentina" . Journal of Geodynamics 53, no. 1 (2012) : 81-94.
---------- MLA ----------
Spagnuolo, M.G., Litvak, V.D., Folguera, A., Bottesi, G., Ramos, V.A. "Neogene magmatic expansion and mountain building processes in the southern Central Andes, 36-37°S, Argentina" . Journal of Geodynamics, vol. 53, no. 1, 2012, pp. 81-94.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Spagnuolo, M.G., Litvak, V.D., Folguera, A., Bottesi, G., Ramos, V.A. Neogene magmatic expansion and mountain building processes in the southern Central Andes, 36-37°S, Argentina. J. Geodyn. 2012;53(1):81-94.