Antico, P.L.; Barros, V.R."Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO" (2017) Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 129(1-2):171-176
Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


Long-term variability of El Niño (EN) cycle has been the topic of several studies, mainly because of its impacts on climate around the globe. This variability has been mainly described by changes in the intensity and frequency of EN events. In this study, interdecadal changes in the zonal evolution of EN-related sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) and their possible link with a well-known mode of Pacific interdecadal variability are analyzed. EN events are classified according to the sense of zonal propagation of SSTA along the equatorial Pacific during the period 1900–2012. As a result, two types of EN are defined: eastward-directed and westward-directed EN. It is found that EN-related SSTA preferably evolves to the east (west) during the warm (cold) phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Hence, this study offers new insights into the possible causes of long-term EN changes. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO
Autor:Antico, P.L.; Barros, V.R.
Filiación:Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Buenos Aires, C1428EGA, Argentina
Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, La Plata, B1900FWA, Argentina
Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y de la Atmósfera, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, C1428EGA, Argentina
Palabras clave:climate change; decadal variation; El Nino; Pacific Decadal Oscillation; sea surface temperature; temperature anomaly; Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Equatorial)
Página de inicio:171
Página de fin:176
Título revista:Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Título revista abreviado:Theor. Appl. Climatol.


  • Alexander, M.A., Bladé, I., Newman, M., Lanzante, J.R., Lau, N.-C., Scott, J.D., The atmospheric bridge: the influence of ENSO teleconnections on air-sea interactions over the global oceans (2002) J Clim, 15, pp. 2205-2231
  • An, S.-I., Wang, B., Interdecadal change of the structure of the ENSO mode and its impact on the ENSO frequency (2000) J Clim, 13, pp. 2044-2055
  • Antico, P.L., Relationships between autumn precipitation anomalies in southeastern South America and El Niño event classification (2009) Int J Climatol, 29, pp. 719-727
  • Ashok, K., Behera, S.K., Rao, S.A., Weng, H., Yamagata, T., El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection (2007) J Geophys Res, 112, p. C11007
  • Boucharel, J., Timmermann, A., Jein, F.-F., Zonal phase propagation of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies: revisited (2013) Geophys Res Lett, 40, pp. 4048-4053
  • Efron, B., Better bootstrap confidence intervals (1987) J Am Stat Assoc, 82, pp. 171-185
  • Efron, B., Tibshirani, R., An introduction to the bootstrap (1993) New York: Chapman & Hall, p. 436
  • Fedorov, A.V., Philander, S.G.H., Is El Niño changing? (2000) Science, 288, pp. 1997-2002
  • Fedorov, A.V., Philander, S.G.H., A stability analysis of tropical ocean–atmosphere interactions: bridging measurements and theory for El Niño (2001) J Clim, 14, pp. 3086-3101
  • Halpert, M.S., Ropelewski, C.F., Surface temperature patterns associated with the Southern Oscillation (1992) J Clim, 5, pp. 577-593
  • Horii, T., Hanawa, K., A relationship between timing of El Niño onset and subsequent evolution (2004) Geophys Res Lett, p. 31
  • Kug, J.-S., Jin, F.-F., Two types of El Niño events: cold tongue El Niño and warm pool El Niño (2009) J Clim, 22, pp. 1499-1515
  • Mantua, N.J., Hare, S.R., The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (2002) J Oceanogr, 58, pp. 35-44
  • Mantua, N.J., Hare, S.R., Zhang, Y., Wallace, J.M., Francis, R.C., A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production (1997) Bull Am Meteorol Soc, 78, pp. 1069-1079
  • McPhaden, M.J., Zhang, X., Asymmetry in zonal phase propagation of ENSO sea surface temperature anomalies (2009) Geophys Res Lett, 36, p. 13703
  • Qian, C., Wu, Z., Fu, C., Wang, D., On changing El Niño: a view from time-varying annual cycle, interannual variability, and mean state (2011) J Clim, 24, pp. 6486-6500
  • Rasmusson, E.M., Carpenter, T.H., Variations in tropical sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the Southern Oscillation/El Niño (1982) Mon Weather Rev, 110, pp. 354-384
  • Rodgers, K.B., Friederichs, P., Latif, M., Tropical pacific decadal variability and its relation to decadal modulations of ENSO (2004) J Clim, 17, pp. 3761-3774
  • Ropelewski, C.F., Halpert, M.S., Global and regional scale precipitation patterns associated with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (1987) Mon Weather Rev, 115, pp. 1606-1626
  • Ropelewski, C.F., Halpert, M.S., Precipitation patterns associated with the high index phase of the Southern Oscillation (1989) J Clim, 2, pp. 268-284
  • Santoso, A., McGregor, S., Fei-Fei, J., Cai, W., England, M.H., An, S.-I., McPhaden, M.J., Guilyardi, E., Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Niño propagation asymmetry and future projections (2013) Nature, 504, pp. 126-130
  • Smith, T.M., Reynolds, R.W., Peterson, T.C., Lawrimore, J., Improvements to NOAA’s historical merged land—ocean surface temperature analysis (1880-2006) (2008) J Clim, 21, pp. 2283-2296
  • Sooraj, K.P., Kug, J.-S., Li, T., Kang, I.-S., Impact of El Niño onset timing on the Indian Ocean–Pacific coupling and subsequent El Niño evolution (2009) Theor Appl Climatol, 97, pp. 17-27
  • Trenberth, K.E., The definition of El Niño (1997) Bull Am Meteorol Soc, 78, pp. 2771-2777
  • Trenberth, K.E., Stepaniak, D.P., Caron, J.M., Interannual variations in the atmospheric heat budget (2002) J Geophys Res, 107 (D8), p. 4066
  • Wang, B., Interdecadal changes in El Niño onset in the last four decades (1995) J Clim, 8, pp. 267-285
  • Wang, B., An, S.I., A mechanism for decadal changes of ENSO behavior: roles of background wind changes (2002) Clim Dyn, 18, pp. 475-486
  • Xu, J., Chan, J.C.L., The role of the Asian-Australian monsoon system in the onset time of El Niño Events (2001) J Clim, 14, pp. 418-433
  • Yeh, S.-W., Kug, J.-S., Dewitte, B., Kwon, M.-H., Kirtman, B.P., Jin, F.-F., El Niño in a changing climate (2009) Nature, 461, pp. 511-515


---------- APA ----------
Antico, P.L. & Barros, V.R. (2017) . Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 129(1-2), 171-176.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Antico, P.L., Barros, V.R. "Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO" . Theoretical and Applied Climatology 129, no. 1-2 (2017) : 171-176.
---------- MLA ----------
Antico, P.L., Barros, V.R. "Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO" . Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 129, no. 1-2, 2017, pp. 171-176.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Antico, P.L., Barros, V.R. Changes in the zonal propagation of El Niño-related SST anomalies: a possible link to the PDO. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 2017;129(1-2):171-176.