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Species loss and invasion of exotic species are two components of global biodiversity change that are expected to influence ecosystem functioning. Yet how they interact in natural settings remains unclear. Experiments have revealed two major mechanisms for the observed increase in primary productivity with plant species richness. Plant productivity may rise with species richness due to the increased amount of resources used by more diverse communities (niche complementarity) or through the increased probability of including a highly productive, dominant species in the community (sampling effect). Current evidence suggests that niche complementarity is the most relevant mechanism, whereas the sampling effect would only play a minor and transient role in natural systems. In turn, exotic species can invade by using untapped resources or because they possess a fitness advantage over resident species allowing them to dominate the community. We argue that the sampling effect can be a significant biodiversity mechanism in ecosystems invaded by dominant exotic species, and that the effect can be persistent even after decades of succession. We illustrate this idea by analyzing tree species richness–productivity relationships in a subtropical montane forest (NW Argentina) heavily invaded by Ligustrum lucidum, an evergreen tree from Asia. We found that the forest biomass increased along a natural gradient of tree species richness whether invaded by L. lucidum or not. Consistent with the sampling effect, L. lucidum invasion tripled total tree biomass irrespective of species richness, and monocultures of L. lucidum were more productive than any of the most species-rich, uninvaded communities. Hence, the sampling effect may not be restricted to randomly assembled, synthetic communities. We emphasize that studying invaded ecosystems may provide novel insights on the mechanisms underlying the effect of biodiversity on ecosystem function. © 2017 The Authors


Documento: Artículo
Título:A role for the sampling effect in invaded ecosystems
Autor:Flombaum, P.; Aragón, R.; Chaneton, E.J.
Filiación:Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, and Depto de Ecología Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Univ. de Buenos Aires, Pab II Piso 2, Ciudad Universitaria., Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina
Inst. de Ecología Regional, Univ. Nacional de Tucumán, and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Yerba Buena, Tucumán, Argentina
Inst. de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA-CONICET) and Facultad de Agronomía, Univ. de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:biodiversity; biological invasion; biomass; community dynamics; complementarity; ecosystem function; evergreen tree; invasive species; montane forest; primary production; sampling; species richness; subtropical region; succession; Argentina; Asia; Ligustrum lucidum
Página de inicio:1229
Página de fin:1232
Título revista:Oikos
Título revista abreviado:Oikos


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---------- APA ----------
Flombaum, P., Aragón, R. & Chaneton, E.J. (2017) . A role for the sampling effect in invaded ecosystems. Oikos, 126(9), 1229-1232.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Flombaum, P., Aragón, R., Chaneton, E.J. "A role for the sampling effect in invaded ecosystems" . Oikos 126, no. 9 (2017) : 1229-1232.
---------- MLA ----------
Flombaum, P., Aragón, R., Chaneton, E.J. "A role for the sampling effect in invaded ecosystems" . Oikos, vol. 126, no. 9, 2017, pp. 1229-1232.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Flombaum, P., Aragón, R., Chaneton, E.J. A role for the sampling effect in invaded ecosystems. Oikos. 2017;126(9):1229-1232.