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Although the temperate regions of South America are known to have a diverse daphniid fauna, there has been no genetic evaluation of the existing taxonomic system or of the affinities between the North and South American faunas. The present study analyses mitochondrial DNA sequences and allozyme variation to investigate species diversity in 176 Daphnia populations from Argentina. This work established the presence of at least 15 species in Argentina, six of which are either undescribed or are currently misidentified and two of which represent range extensions of North American taxa. Eleven of the Argentine species appear endemic to South America, while the remaining four also occur in North America. In the latter cases, the close genetic similarity between populations from North and South America indicates the recent exchange of propagules between the continents. While biological interactions and habitat availability have undoubtedly contributed to the observed species distributions, chance dispersal has apparently played a dominant role in structuring large-scale biogeographical patterns in this genus and probably in other passively-dispersed organisms. © 2004 The Linnean Society of London.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: A genetic investigation
Autor:Adamowicz, S.J.; Hebert, P.D.N.; Marinone, M.C.
Filiación:Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont. N1G 2W1, Canada
Depto. de Biodiversidad y Biol. Exp., Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón II, C 1428 EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
Palabras clave:Allozymes; Mitochondrial DNA; Molecular systematics; Passive dispersal; Phylogeography; Species boundaries; Zooplankton; Argentina (fish); Daphnia
Página de inicio:171
Página de fin:205
Título revista:Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
Título revista abreviado:Zool. J. Linn. Soc.


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---------- APA ----------
Adamowicz, S.J., Hebert, P.D.N. & Marinone, M.C. (2004) . Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: A genetic investigation. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140(2), 171-205.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Adamowicz, S.J., Hebert, P.D.N., Marinone, M.C. "Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: A genetic investigation" . Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140, no. 2 (2004) : 171-205.
---------- MLA ----------
Adamowicz, S.J., Hebert, P.D.N., Marinone, M.C. "Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: A genetic investigation" . Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 140, no. 2, 2004, pp. 171-205.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Adamowicz, S.J., Hebert, P.D.N., Marinone, M.C. Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: A genetic investigation. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 2004;140(2):171-205.