El editor no permite incluir ninguna versión del artículo en el Repositorio.
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


The Andes harbour an outstanding taxonomic and ecological diversity, for which several mechanisms promoting diversification, including ecological gradients and allopatric speciation, have been cited. The grasshopper genus Orotettix is an informative but challenging group to study diversification mechanisms because species in the genus are morphologically very similar, have low vagility and display local endemism over a complex topography in the Central Andes. We conducted several tests using ecological niche overlap and predictions of geographical distributions of Orotettix species on a phylogenetic framework to disentangle their speciation patterns. A multilocus molecular phylogeny was generated for Orotettix. Niche similarity tests were performed and the degree of niche overlap was estimated between species. Ecological niche models were generated to assess the realized ecological niche and potential distribution. The phylogenetic signal between the phylogenetic relatedness and niche overlap, and geographical and the environmental distances were analysed. Our findings suggest that speciation was not restricted to a single period and that species origins might have coincided with glacial-interglacial cycles of the Pleistocene. Given that we only found cases of niche conservatism for Orotettix, we infer that allopatric speciation had the primary role in its diversification. No significant phylogenetic signal was found, probably due to an island-like radiation process. © 2018 The Linnean Society of London.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Diversification mechanisms in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae): Ecological niches and evolutionary history
Autor:Scattolini, M.C.; Confalonieri, V.; Lira-Noriega, A.; Pietrokovsky, S.; Cigliano, M.M.
Filiación:Centro de Estudios Parasitologicos y de Vectores, CEPAVE, CONICET-CCT, La Plata, Argentina
Museo de La Plata, División Entomología; FCNyM-UNLP, La Plata, Argentina
Departamento de Ecologia, Genética y Evolucion, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (EGE-FCEN-UBA) and IEGEBA (UBA-CONICET), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Catedrático CONACyT, Instituto de Ecologia, A.C., Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados, Veracruz, Xalapa, Mexico
Palabras clave:Niche conservatism; Niche modelling; Phylogeny; Speciation; ecological modeling; endemism; evolution; geographical distribution; glacial-interglacial cycle; grasshopper; niche; niche overlap; phylogenetics; phylogeny; Pleistocene; relatedness; speciation (biology); topography; Andes; Acrididae; Orthoptera
Página de inicio:697
Página de fin:711
Título revista:Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Título revista abreviado:Biol. J. Linn. Soc.


  • Akaike, H., Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle (1973) Second International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 267-281. , In: Petrov BN, Csaki BF, eds Budapest: Academiai Kiado
  • Allegrucci, G., Trucchi, E., Sbordoni, V., Tempo and mode of species diversification in Dolichopoda cave crickets (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae) (2011) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 60, pp. 108-121
  • Antonelli, A., Nylander, J.A.A., Persson, C., Sanmartin, I., Tracing the impact of the Andean uplift on Neotropical plant evolution (2009) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 24, pp. 9749-9754
  • Arnqvist, G., The evolution of animal genitalia: distinguishing between hypotheses by single species studies (1997) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 60, pp. 365-379
  • Barve, N., Barve, V., Jiménez-Valverde, A., Lira-Noriega, A., Maher, S.P., Peterson, A.T., Soberón, J., Villalobos, F., The crucial role of the accessible area in ecological niche modeling and species distribution modeling (2011) Ecological Modelling, 222, pp. 1810-1819
  • Benham, P.M., Witt, C.C., The dual role of Andean topography in primary divergence: functional and neutral variation among populations of the hummingbird, Metallura tyrianthina (2016) BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16, p. 22
  • Bensasson, D., Zhang, D.X., Hewitt, G.M., Frequent assimilation of mitochondrial DNA by grasshopper nuclear genomes (2000) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 17, pp. 406-415
  • Blandin, P., Purser, B., Evolution and diversification of neotropical butterflies: insights from the biogeography and phylogeny of the genus Morpho Fabricius, 1807 (Nymphalidae: Morphinae), with a review of the geodynamics of South America (2013) Tropical Lepidoptera, 23, pp. 62-85
  • Borcard, D., Legendre, P., Is the Mantel correlogram powerful enough to be useful in ecological analysis? (2012) A simulation study. Ecology, 93, pp. 1473-1481
  • Bouckaert, R., Heled, J., Kühnert, D., Vaughan, T., Wu, C.H., Xie, D., Suchard, M.A., Drummond, A.J., BEAST 2: a software platform for Bayesian evolutionary analysis (2014) PLoS Computational Biology, 10
  • Broennimann, O., Fitzpatrick, M.C., Pearman, P.B., Petitpierre, B., Pellissier, L., Yoccoz, N.G., Thuiller, W., Guisan, A., Measuring ecological niche overlap from occurrence and spatial environmental data (2012) Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21, pp. 481-497
  • Brumfield, R.T., Edwards, S.V., Evolution into and out of the Andes: a Bayesian analysis of historical diversification in Thamnophilus antshrikes (2007) Evolution, 61, pp. 346-367
  • Ceccarelli, F.S., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Ramírez, M.J., Ochoa, J.A., Mattoni, C.I., Prendini, L., Andean uplift drives diversification of the bothriurid scorpion genus Brachistosternus (2016) Journal of Biogeography, 43, pp. 1942-1954
  • Chaves, J.A., Weir, J.T., Smith, T.B., Diversification in Adelomyia hummingbirds follows Andean uplift (2011) Molecular Ecology, 20, pp. 4564-4576
  • Chesser, R.T., Evolution in the high Andes: the phylogenetics of Muscisaxicola ground-tyrants (2000) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 15, pp. 369-380
  • Cigliano, M.M., Amedegnato, C., The high-Andean Jivarus Giglio-Tos (Orthoptera, Acridoidea, Melanoplinae): systematics, phylogenetic and biogeographic considerations (2010) Systematic Entomology, 35, pp. 692-721
  • Cigliano, M.M., Braun, H., Eades, D.C., Otte, D., (2017) Orthoptera Species File. Version 5.0/5.0., ,
  • Cigliano, M.M., Lange, C.E., Systematic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the South American genus Chlorus (Orthoptera, Acridoidea, Melanoplinae) (2007) Zoologica Scripta, 36, pp. 241-254
  • Cigliano, M.M., Pocco, M.E., Lange, C.E., Grasshoppers of the Andes: new Melanoplinae and Gomphocerinae taxa (Insecta, Orthoptera, Acrididae) from Huascarán national park and Callejón de Huaylas, Ancash, Peru (2011) Zoosystema, 33, pp. 523-544
  • Couvreur, T.L., Porter-Morgan, H., Wieringa, J.J., Chatrou, L.W., Little ecological divergence associated with speciation in two African rain forest tree genera (2011) BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11, p. 296
  • Dormann, C.F., Elith, J., Bacher, S., Buchmann, C., Carl, G., Carré, G., Marquéz, J.R.G., Lautenbach, S., Collinearity: a review of methods to deal with it and a simulation study evaluating their performance (2013) Ecography, 36, pp. 027-046
  • Drummond, A.J., Rambaut, A., BEAST: Bayesian evolutionary analysis by sampling trees (2007) BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7, p. 214
  • Eberhard, W.G., Sexual selection and animal genitalia (1985), Cambridge: Harvard University Press; Eberhard, W.G., Female control: sexual selection by cryptic female choice (1996), Princeton: Princeton University Press; Edwards, E.J., Donoghue, M.J., Pereskia and the origin of the cactus life-form (2006) The American Naturalist, 167, pp. 777-793
  • Ehlers, T.A., Poulsen, C.J., Influence of Andean uplift on climate and paleoaltimetry estimates (2009) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 281, pp. 238-248
  • Elias, M., Joron, M., Willmott, K., Silva-Brandão, K.L., Kaiser, V., Arias, C.F., Gomez Piñerez, L.M., Brower, A.V., Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies Molecular Ecology, 18, pp. 1716-1729
  • Freitas, A.V., Jiggins, C.D., Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies (2009) Molecular Ecology, 18, pp. 1716-1729
  • Elith, J., Graham, C.H., Anderson, R.P., Dudi, M., Ferrier, S., Guisan, A., Hijmans, R.J., Zimmermann, N.E., Novel methods improve prediction of species' distributions from occurrence data (2006) Ecography, 29, pp. 129-151
  • Garzione, C.N., Hoke, G.D., Libarkin, J.C., Withers, S., MacFadden, B., Eiler, J., Ghosh, P., Mulch, A., Rise of the Andes (2008) Science, 320, pp. 1304-1307
  • Gonzalez, L., Pfiffner, O.A., Morphologic evolution of the Central Andes of Peru (2012) International Journal of Earth Sciences, 101, pp. 307-321
  • Graham, A., The Andes: a geological overview from a biological perspective (2009) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, pp. 371-385
  • Graham, C.H., Ron, S.R., Santos, J.C., Schneider, C.J., Moritz, C., Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs (2004) Evolution, 58, pp. 1781-1793
  • Gregory-Wodzicki, K.M., Uplift history of the Central and Northern Andes: a review (2000) Geological Society of America Bulletin, 112, pp. 1091-1105
  • Guarnizo, C.E., Amézquita, A., Bermingham, E., The relative roles of vicariance versus elevational gradients in the genetic differentiation of the high Andean tree frog, Dendropsophus labialis (2009) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 50, pp. 84-92
  • Guzmán, N.V., Pietrokovsky, S.M., Cigliano, M.M., Confalonieri, V.A., Unraveling the diversification history of grasshoppers belonging to the "Trimerotropis pallidipennis" (Oedipodinae: Acrididae) species group: a hotspot of biodiversity in the Central Andes (2017) PeerJ, 5
  • Hamlin, J.A.P., Simmonds, T.J., Arnold, M.L., Niche conservatism for ecological preference in the Louisiana iris species complex (2016) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 120, pp. 144-154
  • Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T., Ryan, P.D., PAST: Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis (2001) Palaeontologia Electronica, 4 (1), p. 9 pp
  • Hijmans, R.J., Cameron, S.E., Parra, J.L., Jones, P.G., Jarvis, A., Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas (2005) International Journal of Climatology, 25, pp. 1965-1978
  • Hoorn, C., Wesselingh, F.P., Steege, H., Bermudez, M.A., Mora, A., Sevink, J., Sanmartín, I., Antonelli, A., Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity (2010) Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, pp. 927-931
  • Hughes, C., Eastwood, R., Island radiation on a continental scale: exceptional rates of plant diversification after uplift of the Andes (2006) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, pp. 10334-10339
  • Husemann, M., Guzman, N.V., Danley, P.D., Cigliano, M.M., Confalonieri, V.A., Biogeography of Trimerotropis pallidipennis (Acrididae: Oedipodinae): deep divergence across the Americas (M Ebach, Ed.) (2013) Journal of Biogeography, 40, pp. 261-273
  • Husemann, M., Habel, J.C., Namkung, S., Hochkirch, A., Otte, D., Danley, P.D., Molecular evidence for an Old World origin of Galapagos and Caribbean band-winged grasshoppers (Acrididae: Oedipodinae: Sphingonotus) (2015) PLoS ONE, 10
  • Husemann, M., Namkung, S., Habel, J.C., Danley, P.D., Hochkirch, A., Phylogenetic analyses of band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Oedipodinae) reveal convergence of wing morphology (2012) Zoologica Scripta, 41, pp. 515-526
  • Hutchinson, G.E., Concluding remarks (1957) Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology., 22, pp. 415-427
  • Imbrie, J.Z., Imbrie-Moore, A., Lisiecki, L.E., A phasespace model for Pleistocene ice volume (2011) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 307, pp. 94-102
  • Kearse, M., Moir, R., Wilson, A., Stones-Havas, S., Cheung, M., Sturrock, S., Buxton, S., Drummond, A., Geneious Basic: an integrated and extendable desktop software platform for the organization and analysis of sequence data (2012) Bioinformatics, 28, pp. 1647-1649
  • Knowles, L.L., Otte, D., Phylogenetic analysis of montane grasshoppers from western North America (Genus Melanoplus, Acrididae: Melanoplinae) (2000) Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 93, pp. 421-431
  • Koscinski, D., Handford, P., Tubaro, P.L., Sharp, S., Lougheed, S.C., Pleistocene climatic cycling and diversification of the Andean treefrog, Hypsiboas andinus (2008) Molecular Ecology, 17, pp. 2012-2025
  • Losos, J.B., Phylogenetic niche conservatism, phylogenetic signal and the relationship between phylogenetic relatedness and ecological similarity among species (2008) Ecology Letters, 11, pp. 995-1003
  • Losos, J.B., Leal, M., Glor, R.E., De Queiroz, K., Hertz, P.E., Rodríguez Schettino, L., Lara, A.C., Larson, A., Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community (2003) Nature, 424, pp. 542-545
  • Lunt, D.H., Zhang, D.X., Szymura, J.M., Hewitt, G.M., The insect cytochrome oxidase I gene: evolutionary patterns and conserved primers for phylogenetic studies (1996) Insect Molecular Biology, 5, pp. 153-165
  • Moritz, C., Patton, J.L., Schneider, C.J., Smith, T.B., Diversification of rainforest faunas: An integrated molecular approach (2000) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, pp. 533-563
  • Nunes, L.A., Pearson, R.G., A null biogeographical test for assessing ecological niche evolution (2016) Journal of Biogeography, pp. 1331-1343
  • Oksanen, J., Blanchet, G.F., Friendly, M., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., McGlinn, D., Minchin, P.R., Wagner, H., vegan: Community Ecology Package (2017) R package version 2.4-4, ,
  • Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E.D., Burgess, N.D., Powell, G.V.N., Underwood, E.C., D'amico, J.A., Kassem, K.R., Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on earth (2001) BioScience, 51, p. 933
  • Osorio-Olvera, L.A., Falconi, M., Soberón, J., Sobre la relación entre idoneidad del hábitat y la abundancia poblacional bajo diferentes escenarios de dispersión (2016) Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 87, pp. 1080-1088
  • Paradis, E., Claude, J., Strimmer, K., APE: Analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language (2004) Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 20, pp. 289-290
  • Pearce, J., Ferrier, S., Evaluating the predictive performance of habitat models developed using logistic regression (2000) Ecological Modelling, 133, pp. 225-245
  • Pearson, R.G., Raxworthy, C.J., Nakamura, M., Townsend Peterson, A., Predicting species distributions from small numbers of occurrence records: a test case using cryptic geckos in Madagascar (2007) Journal of Biogeography, 34, pp. 102-117
  • Peterson, A.T., Soberon, J., Pearson, R.G., Anderson, R.P., Martinez-Meyer, E., Nakamura, M., Araújo, M.B., Ecological niches and geographic distributions (2011), Princeton: Princeton University Press; Peterson, A.T., Soberón, J., Sanchez-Cordero, V., Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time (1999) Science, 285, pp. 1265-1267
  • Phillips, S.J., Anderson, R.P., Schapire, R.E., Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions (2006) Ecological Modelling, 190, pp. 231-259
  • Picard, D., Sempere, T., Olivier, P., Direction and timing of uplift propagation in the Peruvian Andes deduced from molecular phylogenetics of highland biotaxa (2008) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 271, pp. 326-336
  • Pocco, M.E., Minutolo, C., Dinghi, P.A., Lange, C.E., Confalonieri, V.A., Cigliano, M.M., Species delimitation in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix Ronderos & Carbonell (Orthoptera: Melanoplinae): an integrative approach combining morphological, molecular and biogeographical data (2015) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 174, pp. 733-759
  • Pocco, M.E., Posadas, P., Lange, C.E., Cigliano, M.M., Patterns of diversification in the high Andean Ponderacris grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Melanoplinae) (2013) Systematic Entomology, 38, pp. 365-389
  • Posada, D., jModelTest: phylogenetic model averaging (2008) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 25, pp. 1253-1256
  • Pyron, R.A., Costa, G.C., Patten, M.A., Burbrink, F.T., Phylogenetic niche conservatism and the evolutionary basis of ecological speciation (2015) Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 90, pp. 1248-1262
  • Rambaut, A., Suchard, M.A., Xie, D., Drummond, A.J., (2014) Tracer v1.6., ,
  • Razgour, O., Hanmer, J., Jones, G., Using multi-scale modelling to predict habitat suitability for species of conservation concern: the grey long-eared bat as a case study (2011) Biological Conservation, 144, pp. 2922-2930
  • Ribas, C.C., Moyle, R.G., Miyaki, C.Y., Cracraft, J., The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andes tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots (2007) Proceedings of The Royal Society, 274, pp. 2399-2408
  • Saez, P.A., Fibla, P., Correa, C., Sallaberry, M., Salinas, H., Veloso, A., Mella, J., Méndez, M.A., A new endemic lineage of the Andean frog genus Telmatobius (Anura, Telmatobiidae) from the western slopes of the central Andes (2014) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 171, pp. 769-782
  • Särkinen, T., Pennington, R.T., Lavin, M., Simon, M.F., Hughes, C.E., Evolutionary islands in the Andes: persistence and isolation explain high endemism in Andean dry tropical forests (2012) Journal of Biogeography, 39, pp. 884-900
  • Sarmiento, G., Ecologically crucial features of climate in high tropical mountains (1986) High altitude tropical biogeography, pp. 11-45. , In: Vuilleumier F, Monasterio M, eds Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Schoener, T.W., The Anolis lizard of Bimini: resourse partitioning in a complex fauna (1968) Ecology, 49, pp. 704-726
  • Schwallier, R., Raes, N., de Boer, H.J., Vos, R.A., van Vugt, R.R., Gravendeel, B., Phylogenetic analysis of niche divergence reveals distinct evolutionary histories and climate change implications for tropical carnivorous pitcher plants (2016) Diversity and Distributions, 22, pp. 97-110
  • Sempere, T., Folguera, A., Gerbault, M., New insights into Andean evolution: an introduction to contributions from the 6th ISAG symposium (Barcelona, 2005) (2008) Tectonophysics, 459, pp. 1-13
  • Shcheglovitova, M., Anderson, R.P., Estimating optimal complexity for ecological niche models: a jackknife approach for species with small sample sizes (2013) Ecological Modelling, 269, pp. 9-17
  • Smith, S.A., Donoghue, M.J., Combining historical biogeography with niche modeling in the Caprifolium clade of Lonicera (Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacales) (2010) Systematic Biology, 59, pp. 322-341
  • Sokal, R.R., Spatial data analysis and historical processes (1986) Data analysis and informatics, IV, pp. 29-43. , In: Diday E, Escoufier Y, Lebart L, Page J, Schektman Y, Tomassone R, eds Amsterdam: North-Holland
  • Sorenson, M.D., Fleischer, R.C., Multiple independent transposition of mitochondrial DNA control region sequences to the nucleus (1996) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93, pp. 15239-15243
  • Van der Vaart, A.W., Asymptotic statistics (1998), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Warren, D.L., Glor, R.E., Turelli, M., Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution (2008) Evolution, 62, pp. 2868-2883
  • Webb, C.O., Ackerly, D.D., McPeek, M.A., Donoghue, M.J., Phylogenies and community ecology (2002) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33, pp. 475-505
  • Wiens, J.J., Speciation and ecology revisited: phylogenetic niche conservatism and the origin of species (2004) Evolution, 58, pp. 193-197
  • Willmott, K.R., Hall, J.P.W., Lamas, G., Systematics of Hypanartia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae), with a test for geographical speciation mechanism in the Andes (2001) Systematic Entomology, 26, pp. 369-399
  • Young, K., León, B., Bosques nublados del Perú (2001) Bosques nublados del neotrópico, pp. 549-580. , In: Kappelle M, Brown AD, eds Heredria: INBio
  • Young, K.R., Ulloa, C.U., Luteyn, J.L., Knapp, S., Plant evolution and endemism in andean South America: An introduction (2002) The Botanical Review, 68, pp. 4-21
  • Zhang, D.X., Hewitt, G.M., Nuclear integrations: challenges for mitochondrial DNA markers (1996) Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 11, pp. 247-251


---------- APA ----------
Scattolini, M.C., Confalonieri, V., Lira-Noriega, A., Pietrokovsky, S. & Cigliano, M.M. (2018) . Diversification mechanisms in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae): Ecological niches and evolutionary history. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 123(4), 697-711.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Scattolini, M.C., Confalonieri, V., Lira-Noriega, A., Pietrokovsky, S., Cigliano, M.M. "Diversification mechanisms in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae): Ecological niches and evolutionary history" . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 123, no. 4 (2018) : 697-711.
---------- MLA ----------
Scattolini, M.C., Confalonieri, V., Lira-Noriega, A., Pietrokovsky, S., Cigliano, M.M. "Diversification mechanisms in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae): Ecological niches and evolutionary history" . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 123, no. 4, 2018, pp. 697-711.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Scattolini, M.C., Confalonieri, V., Lira-Noriega, A., Pietrokovsky, S., Cigliano, M.M. Diversification mechanisms in the Andean grasshopper genus Orotettix (Orthoptera: Acrididae): Ecological niches and evolutionary history. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 2018;123(4):697-711.