Salamone, G.V.; Petracca, Y.; Bass, J.I.F.; Rumbo, M.; Nahmod, K.A.; Gabelloni, M.L.; Vermeulen, M.E.; Matteo, M.J.; Geffner, J.R.; Trevani, A.S. "Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis" (2010) Laboratory Investigation. 90(7):1049-1059
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Neutrophils are short-lived cells that rapidly undergo apoptosis. However, their survival can be regulated by signals from the environment. Flagellin, the primary component of the bacterial flagella, is known to induce neutrophil activation. In this study we examined the ability of flagellin to modulate neutrophil apoptosis. Neutrophils cultured for 12 and 24 h in the presence of flagellin from Salmonella thyphimurim at concentrations found in pathological situations underwent a marked prevention of apoptosis. In contrast, Helicobacter pylori flagellin did not affect neutrophil survival, suggesting that Salmonella flagellin exerts the antiapoptotic effect by interacting with TLR5. The delaying in apoptosis mediated by Salmonella flagellin was coupled to higher expression levels of the antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1 and lower levels of activated caspase-3. Analysis of the signaling pathways indicated that Salmonella flagellin induced the activation of the p38 and ERK1/2 MAPK pathways as well as the PI3K/Akt pathway. Furthermore, it also stimulated IBα degradation and the phosphorylation of the p65 subunit, suggesting that Salmonella flagellin also triggers NF-B activation. Moreover, the pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway and NF-B activation partially prevented the antiapoptotic effects exerted by flagellin. Finally, the apoptotic delaying effect exerted by flagellin was also evidenced when neutrophils were cultured with whole heat-killed S. thyphimurim. Both a wild-type and an aflagellate mutant S. thyphimurim strain promoted neutrophil survival; however, when cultured in low bacteria/neutrophil ratios, the flagellate bacteria showed a higher capacity to inhibit neutrophil apoptosis, although both strains showed a similar ability to induce neutrophil activation. Taken together, our results indicate that flagellin delays neutrophil apoptosis by a mechanism partially dependent on the activation of ERK1/2 MAPK and NF-B. The ability of flagellin to delay neutrophil apoptosis could contribute to perpetuate the inflammation during infections with flagellated bacteria. © 2010 USCAP, Inc All rights reserved.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis
Autor:Salamone, G.V.; Petracca, Y.; Bass, J.I.F.; Rumbo, M.; Nahmod, K.A.; Gabelloni, M.L.; Vermeulen, M.E.; Matteo, M.J.; Geffner, J.R.; Trevani, A.S.
Filiación:Departamento de Inmunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Departamento de Fisiología y Biología Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Laboratorio de Investigaciones en El Sistema Inmune, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, UNLP, La Plata, Argentina
Palabras clave:apoptosis; flagellin; neutrophil; 2 (2 amino 3 methoxyphenyl)chromone; 3 (4 methylphenylsulfonyl) 2 propenenitrile; 4 (4 fluorophenyl) 2 (4 methylsulfinylphenyl) 5 (4 pyridyl)imidazole; caspase 3; flagellin; I kappa B alpha; interleukin 8; mitogen activated protein kinase 1; mitogen activated protein kinase 3; mitogen activated protein kinase p38; phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase; protein kinase B; protein mcl 1; toll like receptor 5; wortmannin; caspase 3; flagellin; immunoglobulin enhancer binding protein; myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1 protein; protein bcl 2; apoptosis; article; bacterium mutant; cell survival; controlled study; cytokine production; enzyme phosphorylation; flow cytometry; fluorescence microscopy; Helicobacter pylori; human; human cell; leukocyte activation; neutrophil; priority journal; protein degradation; protein expression; Salmonella typhimurium; signal transduction; wild type; cell culture; drug effect; enzymology; flagellum; immunology; metabolism; physiology; salmonellosis; Apoptosis; Caspase 3; Cell Survival; Cells, Cultured; Flagella; Flagellin; Humans; MAP Kinase Signaling System; Neutrophils; NF-kappa B; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Salmonella Infections; Salmonella typhimurium
Página de inicio:1049
Página de fin:1059
Título revista:Laboratory Investigation
Título revista abreviado:Lab. Invest.
CAS:2 (2 amino 3 methoxyphenyl)chromone, 167869-21-8; 4 (4 fluorophenyl) 2 (4 methylsulfinylphenyl) 5 (4 pyridyl)imidazole, 152121-47-6; I kappa B alpha, 151217-48-0; caspase 3, 169592-56-7; flagellin, 12777-81-0; interleukin 8, 114308-91-7; mitogen activated protein kinase 1, 137632-08-7; mitogen activated protein kinase 3, 137632-07-6; phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, 115926-52-8; protein kinase B, 148640-14-6; wortmannin, 19545-26-7; protein bcl 2, 219306-68-0; Caspase 3, 3.4.22.-; Flagellin, 12777-81-0; NF-kappa B; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1 protein


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---------- APA ----------
Salamone, G.V., Petracca, Y., Bass, J.I.F., Rumbo, M., Nahmod, K.A., Gabelloni, M.L., Vermeulen, M.E.,..., Trevani, A.S. (2010) . Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis. Laboratory Investigation, 90(7), 1049-1059.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Salamone, G.V., Petracca, Y., Bass, J.I.F., Rumbo, M., Nahmod, K.A., Gabelloni, M.L., et al. "Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis" . Laboratory Investigation 90, no. 7 (2010) : 1049-1059.
---------- MLA ----------
Salamone, G.V., Petracca, Y., Bass, J.I.F., Rumbo, M., Nahmod, K.A., Gabelloni, M.L., et al. "Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis" . Laboratory Investigation, vol. 90, no. 7, 2010, pp. 1049-1059.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Salamone, G.V., Petracca, Y., Bass, J.I.F., Rumbo, M., Nahmod, K.A., Gabelloni, M.L., et al. Flagellin delays spontaneous human neutrophil apoptosis. Lab. Invest. 2010;90(7):1049-1059.