Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor


Due to the importance of the winemaking sector in Mendoza, Argentina, the assessment of future scenarios for viticulture is of foremost relevance. In this context, it is important to understand how temperature increase and precipitation changes will impact on grapes, because of changes in grapevine phenology and suitability wine-growing regions must be understood as an indicator of climate change. The general objective is to classify the suitable areas of viticulture in Argentina for the current and future climate using the MM5 regional climate change simulations. The spatial distribution of annual mean temperature, annual rainfall, and some bioclimatic indices has been analyzed for the present (1970–1989) and future (2080–2099) climate under SRES A2 emission scenario. In general, according to projected average growing season temperature and Winkler index classification, the regional model estimates (i) a reduction of cool areas, (ii) a westward and southward displacement of intermediate and warm suitability areas, and (iii) the arise of new suitability regions (hot and very hot areas) over Argentina. In addition, an increase of annual accumulated precipitation is projected over the center-west of Argentina. Similar pattern of change is modeled for growing season, but with lower intensity. Furthermore, the evaluation of projected seasonal precipitation shows a little precipitation increase over Cuyo and center of Argentina in summer and a little precipitation decrease over Cuyo and northern Patagonia in winter. Results show that Argentina has a great potential for expansion into new suitable vineyard areas by the end of twenty-first century, particularly due to projected displacement to higher latitudes for most present suitability winegrowing regions. Even though main conclusions are based on one global-regional model downscaling, this approach provides valuable information for implementing proper and diverse adaptation measures in the Argentinean viticultural regions. It has been concluded that regional climate change simulations are an adequate methodology, and indeed, the MM5 regional model is an appropriate tool to be applied in viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina. © 2016, ISB.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina
Autor:Cabré, M.F.; Quénol, H.; Nuñez, M.
Filiación:Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmósfera (CIMA/CONICET-UBA), Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Pabellón II, piso 2, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, C1428EGA, Argentina
Instituto Franco Argentino de Estudios del Clima y sus Impactos (UMI IFAECI/CNRS), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Labotatoire LETG-Rennes-COSTEL, UMR6554 LETG du CNRS, Université Rennes 2, Place du Recteur Henri le Moal, Rennes, 35000, France
Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, (DCAO/FCEN), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Argentinean viticultural zoning; Bioclimatic indices; MM5 regional model; Regional climate change scenarios; rain; Argentina; climate change; season; temperature; theoretical model; Vitis; Argentina; Climate Change; Models, Theoretical; Rain; Seasons; Temperature; Vitis
Página de inicio:1325
Página de fin:1340
Título revista:International Journal of Biometeorology
Título revista abreviado:Int. J. Biometeorol.


  • Adams, D.O., Phenolics and ripening in grape berries (2006) Am J Enol Vitic, 57, pp. 249-256. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XhtFKmurzL
  • Agosta, E.A., Cavagnaro, M., Variaciones interanuales de la precipitación de verano y el rendimiento del cultivo de la vid en Mendoza (2010) Asoc Argent Geofísicos Geodestas GEOACTA, 35, pp. 1-11
  • Agosta, E.A., Cavagnaro, M., Canziani, P., El rendimiento de vid y las variaciones de temperatura y precipitación en Mendoza. Revista Enología. Ed. N°2 (2010) Marzo-Abril 2010
  • Agosta, E.A., Canziani, P., Cavagnaro, M., Regional climate variability impacts on the annual grape yield in Mendoza (2012) Argent Am Meteor Soc, 51 (6), pp. 993-1009
  • Amerine, M.A., Winkler, A.J., Composition and quality of musts and wines of California grapes (1944) Hilgardia, 15, pp. 493-675. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaH28XhtF2ntA%3D%3D
  • Anderson, K., Findlay, C., Fuentes, S., Tyerman, S., Garnaut Climate change review: viticulture, wine and climate change. University of Adelaide (2008) June, p. 2008
  • Aruani, A.C., El Cambio Climático y la Vitivinicultura. Estrategias de Adaptación en Argentina (2010) Instituto Nacional de Vitivinicultura, Mendoza Argentina 26 de Agosto de, p. 2010
  • Austin, M.E., Bondari, K., A study of cultural and environmental factors on the yield of Vitis rotundifolia (1988) Sci Hortic, 34, pp. 219-227
  • Barbero, N., Rössler, C., Canziani, P., Cambio climático y viticultura: variabilidad climática presente y futura y aptitud viticola en 3 localidades de La patagonia (2008) Enología, 5, pp. 1-8
  • Beelman, R.B., Gallander, J.F., Wine deacidification (1979) Adv Food Res, 25, pp. 1-53. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaL3cXjvFOntA%3D%3D
  • Bertin, R.I., Plant phenology and distribution in relation to recent climate change (2009) J Torrey Bot Soc, 135, pp. 126-146
  • Bindi, M., Fibbi, L., Gozzini, B., Orlandini, S., Miglietta, F., Modeling the impact of future climate scenarios on yield and variability of grapevine (1996) Clim Res, 7, pp. 213-224
  • Boag, S., Tassie, L., Hubick, K., The greenhouse effect: implications for the Australian grape and wine industry (1988) Wine Ind J, 3 (2), pp. 30-36
  • Bock, A., Sparks, T., Estrella, N., Menzel, A., Changes in the phenology and composition of wine from Franconia Germany (2011) Clim Res, 50, pp. 69-81
  • Bock, A., Sparks, T.H., Estrella, N., Menzel, A., Climate-induced changes in grapevine yield and must sugar content in Franconia (Germany) between 1805 and 2010 (2013) PLoS One, 8 (7). , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXht1eju7rN
  •, Bonnefoy C, Quénol H, Planchon O, Barbeau G (2010) Températures et indices bioclimatiques dans le vignoble du Val de Loire dans un contexte de changement climatique, EchoGéo [En ligne], 14 | 2010, mis en ligne le 13 décembre 2010, consulté le 01 avril 2013; Branás, J., Berdon, G., Levadoux, L., Eléments de Viticultura Générale (1946) Montpellier
  • Briche, E., Cabré, M.F., Saulo, C., Nuñez, M.N., Quénol, H., Characterization and comparison of mean temperatures and Winkler index evolution between observed and simulated data (1970–1989) in wine-growing regions of Argentina. International Conference Climate Change and International Response. Impacts and adaptation strategies for public, commercial and private actors. May 27-29, 2013 (2013) Reg Klam, , Dresden, Germany
  • Buttrose, M.S., Hale, C.R., Kliewer, W.M., Effect of temperature on composition of Cabernet Sauvignon berries (1971) Am J Enol Vitic, 22, pp. 71-75. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaE3MXltFGrur4%3D
  • Cabré, M.F., Solman, S.A., Nuñez, M.N., Creating regional climate change scenarios over southern South America for the 2020’s and 2050’s using the pattern scaling technique: validity and limitations (2010) Clim Chang, 98, pp. 449-469
  • Cabré, M.F., Quénol, H., Nuñez, M.N., Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Argentina (2013) XIV Congreso Latinoamericano de Viticultura y Enología 21-23 Noviembre2013, , Tarija, Bolivia
  • Cabré, M.F., Solman, S., Nuñez, M.N., Climate downscaling over southern South America for present-day climate (1970–1989) using the MM5 model. Mean, interannual variability and internal variability (2014) Atmósfera, 27 (2), pp. 117-140
  • Cahill, K.N., Lobell, D.B., Field, C.B., Bonfils, C., Hayhoe, K., Modeling climate change impacts on wine grape yields and quality in California. Global warming, which potential impacts on the vineyards? (2007) March, 2007, pp. 28-30
  • Camps, J.O., Ramos, M.C., Grape harvest and yield responses to inter-annual changes in temperature and precipitation in an area of north-east Spain with a Mediterranean climate (2010) Int J Biometeorol
  • Carbonneau, A., Riou, C., Guyon, D., Riom, J., Schneider, C., Agrométéorologie de la vigne en France (1992) Office des Publications Officielles des Communautés Européennes, , Luxembourg
  • Carter, S., The projected influence of climate change on the South African wine industry. Interim Report IR-06-043 (2006) International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, p. 33
  • Cheynier, V., Dueñas-Paton, M., Salas, E., Maury, C., Souquet, J.-M., Sarni-Machado, P., Fulcrand, H., Structure and properties of wine pigments and tannins (2006) Am J Enol Vitic, 57, pp. 298-305. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XhtFKmur3J
  • Christidis, N., Stott, P.A., Brown, S., Karoly, D.J., Caesar, J., Human contribution to the lengthening of the growing season during 1950–99 (2007) J Climate, 20, pp. 5441-5454
  • Chuine, I., Yiou, P., Viovy, N., Seguin, B., Daux, V., Ladurie, E.L., Historical phenology: grape ripening as a past climate indicator (2004) Nature, 432, pp. 289-290. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXpvVCjsLg%3D
  • Clark, L.R., Fitzpatrick, R.W., Murray, R.S., McCarthy, M.G., Vineyard soil degradation following irrigation with saline groundwater for twenty years (2002) 17 th World Congress of Soil Science, , Bangkok, Thailand
  • Conradie, W.J., Carey, V.A., Bonnardot, V., Saayman, D., van Schoor, L.H., Effect of different environmental factors on the performance of Sauvignon blanc grapevines in the Stellenbosch/Durbanville districts of South Africa. I. Geology, soil, climate, phenology and grape composition (2002) S Afr J Enol Vitic, 23, pp. 79-91
  • Coombe, B.G., Influence of temperature on composition and quality of grapes. Proceedings of the international symposium on grapevine canopy and vigor management (Vol. XXII IHC, pp. 23–35) (1987) Davis, USA: ISHS Acta Horticulturae, p. 206
  • Coombe, B.G., Iland, P., Grape berry development and winegrape quality, in P. R. Dry and B. G. Coombe (eds), Viticulture (2004) Volume 1: Resources, [Second edition], Winetitles, Adelaide, pp 210–48
  • Corobov, R., Overcenco, A., Dependence of grapevine productivity on meteorological conditions in the Republic of Moldova. Středová, H., Rožnovský, J., Litschmann, T. (eds): Mikroklima a mezoklima krajinných struktur a antropogenních prostředí. Skalní mlýn, 2. – 4.2. 2011 (2011) ISBN 978-80-86690-87-2
  • Dalla Marta, A., Grifoni, D., Mancini, M., Storchi, P., Zipoli, G., Orlandini, S., Analysis of the relationships between climate variability and grapevine phenology in the Nobile di Montepulciano wine production area (2010) J Agric Sci, 148, pp. 657-666
  • Dry, P.R., Climate change and the Australian grape and wine industry. The Australian Grapegrower and Winemaker (1988) December, pp. 14-15
  • Duchêne, E., Schneider, C., Grapevine and climatic changes: a glance at the situation in Alsace (2005) Agron Sustain Dev, 25, pp. 93-99
  • Easterling, D.R., Recent changes in frost days and the frost-free season in the United States (2002) Bull Amer Meteorol Soc, 83, pp. 1327-1332
  • Eitzinger, J., Kubu, G., Formayer, H., Gerersdorfer, T., Climatic wine growing potential under future climate scenarious in Austria. Sustainable Development and Bioclimate: Reviewed Conference Proceedings, Vienna (2009) Austria, pp. 146-147
  • Fraga, H., Santos, J.A., Malheiro, A.C., Moutinho- Pereira, J., Climate change projections for the Portuguese viticulture using a multi-model ensemble (2012) Ciencia Tec Vitiv, 27 (1), pp. 39-48
  • Fraga, H., Malheiro, A.C., Moutinho-Pereira, J., Santos, J.A., Future scenarios for viticultural zoning in Europe: ensemble projections and uncertainties (2013) Int J Biometeorol, 57, pp. 909-925. , COI: 1:STN:280:DC%2BC3s3osFaksw%3D%3D
  • Fraga, H., Malheiro, A.C., Moutinho-Pereira, J., Jones, G.V., Alves, F., Pinto, J.G., Santos, J.A., Very high resolution bioclimatic zoning of Portuguese wine regions: present and future scenarios (2013) Reg Environ Change
  • Fraga, H., Malheiro, A.C., Moutinho-Pereira, J., Cardoso, R.M., Soares, P.M.M., Cancela, J.J., Pinto, J.G., Santos, J.A., Integrated analysis of climate, soil, topography and vegetative growth in Iberian viticultural regions. Plos One 9:e108078 (2014) ISSN 1932-6203 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108078, ,
  • Gaál, M., Moriondo, M., Bindi, M., Modelling the impact of climate change on the Hungarian wine regions using random forest (2012) Appl Ecol Environ Res, 10, pp. 121-140
  • Galet, P., (1993) Précis de viticulture, , Montpellier, Déhan: 582 pp
  • Gatto, J., Byung-oh, K., Mahdavi, P., Namekawa, H., Tran, H., The future impact of climate change on the California wine industry and actions the State of California should take to address it. International Policy Studies Program (2009) Stanford University
  • Gladstones, J., (1992) Viticulture and environment, , Winetitles: Adelaide. SA
  • Gladstones, J., Climate and Australian viticulture. In Viticulture 1 – Resources, Dry (2005) P.R.; B.G. Coombe (eds) Winetitles; Adelaide, SA, p. 255
  • González, G., Nazrala, J., Beltrán, M., Narvarro, A., Borbón, L., Senatra, L., Albornoz, L., Ma, A., Caracterización de uvas para vinificar en diferentes regiones de Mendoza (Argentina) Rev. FCA. UNCuyo. Tomo XLI (2009) N°, 1, pp. 165-175
  • Gordon, C., Cooper, C., Senior, C.A., Banks, H., Gregory, J.M., Johns, T.C., Mitchell, J.F.B., Wood, R.A., The simulation of SST, sea ice extent and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments (2000) Clim Dyn, 16, pp. 147-168
  • Grell, G.A., Dudhia, J., Stauffer, D.R., A description of the fifth-generation Penn System/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) (1993) NCAR Tech Note NCAR/TN -398 +, 1A, p. 107
  • Grifoni, D., Mancini, M., Marachi, G., Orlandini, Z.G., Analysis of Italian wine quality using freely available meteorological information (2006) Am J Enol Vitic, 57 (3), pp. 339-346. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XhtFKmurrN
  • Hall, A., Jones, G.V., Effect of potential atmospheric warming on temperature-based indices describing Australian winegrape growing conditions (2009) Aust J Grape Wine Res, 15 (2), pp. 97-119
  • Huglin, P., Posibilites d’apprécitation obejetive du mileu viticole (1983) Bull OIV, 56, pp. 823-833
  • Huglin, P., Schneider, C., (1998) Biologie et écologie de la vigne, , Éditions Tec & Doc Lavoisier, Cachan, France
  • Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group i to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)] (2013) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324
  • Jackson, R.S., (2008) Wine science principles and applications, , Elsevier, Oxford, England: 789 pages
  • Jackson, D.I., Lombard, P.B., Environmental and management practices affecting grape composition and wine quality: a review (1993) Am J Enol Vitic, 4, pp. 409-430
  • Jackson, D., Schuster, D., The production of grapes & wine in cool climates. Butterworths of New Zealand (Ltd), Wellington (1987) New Zealand, p. 5
  • Jones, G.V., Making wine in a changing climate, Geotimes (2004) August, pp. 24-27
  • Jones, G.V., Climate change in the western United States grape growing regions (2005) Acta Hort, 689, pp. 41-60
  • Jones, G.V., Macqueen, R.W., Meinert, L.D., Climate and terroir: impacts of climate variability and change on wine (2006) Fine wine and terroir. The geoscience perspective. Geosci Can Repr Ser, 9, p. 247. , Geological Association of Canada, St, John’sNewfoundland
  • Jones, G.V., Climate change and the global wine industry. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, 28 July - 2 August 2007. Editores: Pat J. Williams, Rae J. Blair, I. S. Pretorious. Editor: Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference Incorporated (2008) ISBN, p. 400
  • Jones, G.V., Duchêne, E., Tomasi, D., Yuste, J., Braslavska, O., Schultz, H.R., Changes in European winegrape phenology and relationships with climate. Proc (2005) XIV GESCO Symposium, , Geisenheim, Germany
  • Jones, G.V., White, M.A., Cooper, O.R., Storchmann, K., Climate change and global wine quality (2005) Clim Chang, 73, pp. 319-343
  • Jones, G.V., Reid, R., Vilks, A., Climate, grapes and wine: structure and suitability in a variable and changing climate pp.109–133 in The Geography of Wine: Regions (2012) Terrior and Techniques, (Ed.): Dougherty, P. Springer Press p.255
  • Keeling, C.D., Chin, F.J.S., Whorf, T.P., Increased activity of northern vegetation inferred from atmospheric CO2 measurements (1996) Nature, 382, pp. 146-149. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaK28XktlSktbg%3D
  • Keller, M.M., Managing grapevines to optimise fruit development in a challenging environment: a climate change primer for viticulturists (2010) Aust J Grape WineRes, 16, pp. 56-69
  • Kenny, G.J., Harrison, P.A., The effects of climate variability and change on grape suitability in Europe (1992) J Wine Res, 3, pp. 163-183
  • Kliewer, W.M., Effect of day temperature and light intensity on concentration of malic and tartaric acids in Vitis vinifera L. grapes (1971) J Am Soc Hortic Sci, 96, p. 372. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaE3MXksVGltrs%3D
  • Kliewer, W.M., Torres, R.E., Effect of controlled day and night temperatures on grape coloration (1972) Am J Enol Vitic, 2, pp. 71-77
  • Krüger, L.F., da Rocha, R.P., Reboita, M.S., Ambrizzi, T., RegCM3 nested in HadAM3 scenarios A2 and B2: projected changes in extratropical cyclogenesis, temperature and precipitation over the South Atlantic Ocean (2012) Clim Chang, 113, pp. 599-621
  • Kubach, H.K., (2009) Wine Grape Suitability and Quality in a Changing Climate, An Assessment of Adams County (2014) Pennsylvania (1950 – 2099) (accessing 105 date, 3, p. 10. ,
  • Laget, F., Tondut, J.L., Deloire, A., Kelly, M.T., Climate trend in a specific Mediterranean viticultural area between 1950 and 2006 (2008) J Int Sci Vigne Vin, 42, pp. 113-123
  • Linderholm, H.W., Growing season changes in the last century (2006) Agric For Meteorol, 137 (1-2), pp. 1-14
  • Linderholm, H.W., Walther, A., Chen, D., Twentieth-century trends in the thermal growing season in the Greater Baltic Area (2008) Clim Chang, 87, pp. 405-419
  • Lobell, D.B., Field, C.B., Cahill, K.N., Bonfils, C., Impacts of future climate change on California perennial crop yields: model projections with climate and crop uncertainties (2006) Agric For Meteorol, 141, pp. 208-218
  • Lopes, J., Eiras-Dias, J.E., Abreu, F., Climaco, P., Cunha, J.P., Silvestre, J., Thermal requirements, duration and precocity of phenological stages of grapevine cultivars of the Portuguese collection (2008) Ci^encia Tec Vitiv, 23, pp. 61-71
  • Malheiro, A.C., Santos, J.A., Fraga, H., Pinto, J.G., Climate change scenarios applied for viticultural zoning in Europe (2010) Clim Res, 43, pp. 163-177
  • Malheiro, A.C., Campos, R., Fraga, H., Eiras-Dias, J., Silvestre, J., Santos, J.A., Winegrape phenology and temperature relationships in the Lisbon Wine Region, Portugal (2013) J Int Sci Vigne Vin, 47, pp. 287-299
  • Mandelli, F., Tonietto, J., Hasenack, H., Weber, E.J., Zoneamento Clim_atico para a produc_ ~ ao de uvas para vinos de qualidade. P. 14 Proceeding of Congresso Brasileiro de Agrometeorologia (2005) Campinas, p. 14
  • Marengo, J.A., Jones, R., Alves, L.M., Valverde, M.C., Future change of temperature and precipitation extremes in South America as derived from the PRECIS regional climate modeling system (2009) Int J Climatol, 29, pp. 2241-2255
  • McCarthy, J.J., Canziani, O.F., Leary, N.A., Dokken, D.J., White, K.S., (2001) Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Contribution of the working group II to the third assessment report of the inter-governmental panel on climate change, , (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK: 1000 pp
  • Menzel, A., Estrella, N., Plant phenological changes (2001) Fingerprints of climate change—adapted behaviour and shifting species ranges, pp. 123-137. , Walther GR, Burga CA, Edwards PJ, (eds), Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York and London
  • Menzel, A., Jakobi, G., Ahas, R., Scheifinger, H., Estrella, N., Variations of the climatological growing (1951–2000) in Germany compared in other countries (2003) Int J Climatol, 23, pp. 793-795
  • Mérouge, I., Seguin, G., Arrouays, D., Les sols et l’alimentation hydrique de la vigne à Pomerol: état hydrique et croissance de la vigne en 1995 (1998) J Int Sci Vigne Vin, 32 (2), pp. 59-68
  • Mira de Orduña, R., Climate change associated effects on grape and wine quality and production (2010) Food Res Int, 43, pp. 1844-1855
  • Moriondo, M., Bindi, M., Fagarazzi, C., Ferrise, R., Trombi, G., Framework for high-resolution climate change impact assessment on grapevines at a regional scale (2010) Reg Environ Change
  • Mullins, M.G., Bouquet, A., Williams, L.E., (1992) Biology of the grapevine, , Cambridge University Press, Great Britain
  • Myneni, R.B., Keeling, C.D., Tucker, C.J., Asrar, G., Nemani, R.R., Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991 (1997) Nature, 386, pp. 698-702. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaK2sXislOgurw%3D
  • Neethling, E., Barbeau, G., Bonnefoy, C., Quénol, H., Change in climate and berry composition for grapevine varieties cultivated in the Loire Valley (2012) Clim Res, 53, pp. 89-101
  • Nemani, R.R., White, M.A., Cayan, D.R., Jones, G.V., Running, S.W., Coughlan, J.C., Peterson, D.L., Asymmetric warming over coastal California and its impact on the premium wine industry (2001) Clim Res, 19, pp. 25-34
  • Neumann, P.A., Matzarakis, A., Viticulture in southwest Germany under climate change conditions (2011) Clim Res, 47, pp. 161-169
  • New, M.G., Hulme, M., Jones, P.D., Representing twentieth-century space time climate variability. Part I. Development of a 1961–1990 mean monthly terrestrial climatology (1999) J Clim, 12, pp. 829-856
  • New, M.G., Hulme, M., Jones, P.D., Representing twentieth-century space time climate variability. Part II. Development of a 1901–1996 mean monthly terrestrial climatology (2000) J Clim, 13, pp. 2217-2238
  • Nuñez, M.N., Solman, S.A., Cabré, M.F., Regional climate change experiments over southern South America II: climate change scenarios in the late twenty first century (2008) Clim Dyn, 32, pp. 1081-1095
  • Orlandini, S., Di Stefano, V., Lucchesini, P., Puglisi, A., Bartolini, G., Current trends of agroclimatic indices applied to grapevine in Tuscany (Central Italy) (2009) Q J Hung Meteorol Serv, 113 (1-2)
  • Petrie, P.R., Sadras, V.O., Advancement of grapevine maturity in Australia between 1993 and 2006: putative causes, magnitude of trends and viticultural consequences (2008) Aust J Grape Wine Res, 14, pp. 33-45
  • Pope, V.D., Gallani, M.L., Rowntree, P.R., Stratton, R.A., The impact of new physical parameterizations in the Hadley Centre climate model (2000) Clim Dynam, 16, pp. 123-146
  • Quénol, H., Observation et modélisation spatiale du climat aux échelles fines dans un contexte de changement climatique Volume 1: Position et projet scientifique (2012) Unité Mixte de Recherche 6554 LETG du CNRS Université de Rennes 2 Haut-Bretagne, p. 103
  • Ramos, M.C., Jones, G.V., Martı’nez-Casasnovas, J.A., Structure and trends in climate parameters affecting winegrape production in northeast Spain (2008) Clim Res, 38, pp. 1-15
  • Rayner, N.A., Parker, D.E., Horton, E.B., Folland, C.K., Alexander, L.V., Rowel, D.P., Kent, E.C., Kaplan, A., Global analyses of SST, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century (2003) J Geophys Res, 108, p. 4407
  • Reynolds, A.G., Naylor, A.P., Pinot-Noir and riesling grapevines respond to water-stress duration and soil water-holding capacity (1994) HortScience, 29, pp. 1505-1510
  • Richards, A.L., Hutson, J.L., McCarthy MG (2008) Monitoring and modelling transient rootzone salinity in drip irrigated viticulture. In: Proceedings of the 13 th AWITC eds Rae Blair, pp. 212-217. , Pat Williams, Sakkie Pretorius
  • Riou, C., Carbonneau, A., Becker, N., Caló, A., Costacurta, A., Castro, R., Pinto, P.A., Vossen, P., (1994) Le determinisme climatique de la maturation du raisin: application au zonage de la teneur en sucre dans la Communaute Europeenne, , Office des Publications Officielles des Communautes Europeennes, Luxembourg
  • Robeson, S.M., Increasing growing-season length in Illinois during the 20th century (2002) Clim Chang, 52, pp. 219-238
  • Rodó, X., Comím, F.A., Links between large-scale anomalies, rainfall and wine quality in the Iberian Peninsula during the last three decades (2000) Glob Chang Biol, 6, pp. 267-273
  • Root, T.L., Price, J.T., Hall, K.R., Schneider, S.H., Rosenzweig, C., Pounds, A., Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants (2003) Nature, 421, pp. 57-60. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXovVc%3D
  • Rössler, C.E., Barbero, N.E., Análisis del cambio climático en cuatro localidades argentinas: una mirada sobre la viticultura. XII Reunión Argentina de Agrometeorología, 8 al 10 de octubre de 2008 (2008) San Salvador de Jujuy-Argentina
  • Rössler, C., Barbero, N., Carbajal Benitez, G., Canziani, P., Comparison of climate change projections for Patagonia viticultural regions generated by GCMs and a regional climate model PRECIS. Equipo Interdisciplinario para Estudios de Procesos Atmosféricos para el Cambio Global (2006) Universidad Católica Argentina (UCA), , Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Ruffner, H.P., Hawker, J.S., Hale, C.R., Temperature and enzymic control of malate metabolism in berries of Vitis vinifera (1976) Phytochemistry, 15, pp. 1877-1880. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DyaE2sXos1agsA%3D%3D
  • Ruml, M., Vukovic, A., Vujadinovic, M., Djurdjevic, V., Rankovic-Vasic, Z., Atanackovic, Z., Sivcec, B., Petrovic, N., On the use of regional climate models: implications of climate change for viticulture in Serbia (2012) Agric For Meteorol, 158-159, pp. 53-62
  • Sadras, V.O., Petrie, P.R., Climate shifts in south-eastern Australia: early maturity of Chardonnay, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon is associated with early onset rather than faster ripening (2011) Aust J Grape Wine Res, 17, pp. 199-205
  • Santos, T.P., Lopes, C.M., Rodrigues, M.L., Souza, C.R., Maroco, J.P., Pereira, J.S., Silva, J.R., Chaves, M.M., Partial rootzone drying: effects on growth and fruit quality of field-grown grapevines (Vitis vinifera) (2003) Funct Plant Biol, 30 (6), p. 663
  • Santos, J.A., Malheiro, A.C., Karremann, M.K., Pinto, J.G., Statistical modelling of grapevine yield in the Port Wine region under present and future climate conditions (2011) Int J Biometeorol, 55 (2), pp. 119-131
  • Santos, J.A., Grätsch, S.D., Karremann, M.K., Jones, G.V., Pinto, J.G., Ensemble projections for wine production in the Douro Valley of Portugal (2013) Clim Chang
  • Schultz, H., Climate change and viticulture: a European perspective on climatology, carbon dioxide, and UV-B effects (2000) Aust J Grape Wine Res, 6, pp. 2-12. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3cXjt1Sls70%3D
  • Schultz, H.R., Jones, G.V., Climate induced historic and future changes in viticulture (2010) J Wine Res, 21, pp. 137-145
  • Seguin, G., Influence des terroirs viticoles sur la constitution et la qualité des vendanges (1983) Bull OIV, 623, pp. 3-18
  • Solman, S.A., Cabré, M.F., Nuñez, M.N., Regional climate change experiments over southern South America: I: present climate. 2008 Climate Dynamics 30:533-552 (2007) DOI 10:1007/s00382-007-0304-3
  • Stock, M., Gerstengarbe, F.W., Kartschall, T., Werner, P.C., Reliability of climate change impact assessments for viticulture (2005) Acta Hortic, 689, pp. 29-39
  • Tarara, J.M., Lee, J., Spayd, S.E., Scagel, C.F., Berry temperature and solar radiation alter acylation, proportion, and concentration of anthocyanin in Merlot grapes (2008) Am J Enol Vitic, 59, pp. 235-247. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXhtF2iu7%2FI
  • Tonietto, J., (1999) Les macroclimats viticoles mondiaux et l’influence du mésoclimat sur la typicité de la Syrah et du Muscat de Hambourg dans le sud de la France, , Nationale Supérieure Agronomique, Montpellier
  • Tonietto, J., Carbonneau, A., A multicriteria climatic classification system for grape-growing regions worldwide (2004) Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 124/1-2, pp. 81-97
  • Tucker, C.J., Slayback, D.A., Pinzon, J.E., Los, S.O., Myneni, R.B., Taylor, M.G., Higher northern latitude normalized difference vegetation index and growing season trends from 1982 to 1999 (2001) Int J Biometeorol, 45, pp. 184-190. , COI: 1:STN:280:DC%2BD38%2Fktlantg%3D%3D
  • van Leeuwen, S., The concept of terroir in viticulture (2006) J Wine Res, 17 (1), pp. 1-10
  • van Leeuwen, C., Friant, P., Choné, X., Tregoat, O., Koundouras, S., Dubordieu, D., Influence of climate, soil, and cultivar on terroir (2004) Am J Enol Vitic, 55 (3), pp. 207-217
  • van Leeuwen, C., Tregoat, O., Choné, X., Bois, B., Pernet, D., Gaudillère, J.-P., Vine water status is a key factor in grape ripening and vintage quality for red Bordeaux wine. How can it be assessed for vineyard management purposes? (2009) J. Int. Sci. Vigne Vin, 2009, 43, n°3 121-134 ©Vigne et Vin Publications Internationales, , Bordeaux, France
  • Vink, N., Deloire, A., Bonnardot, V., Ewert, J., Climate change and the future of South Africa’s wine industry (2012) Int J Clim Chang Strateg Manag, 4 (4), pp. 420-441
  • Walther, G.R., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fromentin, J.M., Bairlein, F., Ecological responses to recent climate change (2002) Nature, 416, pp. 389-395. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XislantL8%3D
  • Webb, L.B., Whetton, P.H., Barlow, E.W.R., Modelling the relationship between climate, winegrape price and winegrape quality in Australia (2007) Clim Res, 36 (1), pp. 89-98
  • Webb, L.B., Whetton, P.H., Barlow, E.W.R., Climate change and grape quality in Australia (2008) Clim Res, 36 (2), pp. 99-111
  • Webb, L.B., Whetton, P.H., Barlow, E.W.R., Observed trends in winegrape maturity in Australia (2011) Glob Chang Biol, 17, pp. 2707-2719
  • White, M.A., Diffenbaugh, N.S., Jones, G.V., Pal, J.S., Giorgi, F., Extreme heat reduces and shifts United States premium wine production in the 21st century (2006) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103, pp. 11217-11222. , COI: 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XnvVCmtro%3D
  • Winkler, A.J., Cook, J.A., Kliewere, W.M., Lider, L.A., (1974) General viticulture, , University of California Press, Berkeley


---------- APA ----------
Cabré, M.F., Quénol, H. & Nuñez, M. (2016) . Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina. International Journal of Biometeorology, 60(9), 1325-1340.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Cabré, M.F., Quénol, H., Nuñez, M. "Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina" . International Journal of Biometeorology 60, no. 9 (2016) : 1325-1340.
---------- MLA ----------
Cabré, M.F., Quénol, H., Nuñez, M. "Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina" . International Journal of Biometeorology, vol. 60, no. 9, 2016, pp. 1325-1340.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Cabré, M.F., Quénol, H., Nuñez, M. Regional climate change scenarios applied to viticultural zoning in Mendoza, Argentina. Int. J. Biometeorol. 2016;60(9):1325-1340.