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Dichroplus pratensis has a complex system of Robertsonian rearrangements with central-marginal distribution; marginal populations are standard telocentric. Standard bivalents show a proximal-distal chiasma pattern in both sexes. In Robertsonian individuals a redistribution of chiasmata occurs: proximal chiasmata are suppressed in fusion trivalents and bivalents which usually display a single distal chiasma per chromosome arm. In this paper we studied the synaptic patterns of homologous chromosomes at prophase I of different Robertsonian status in order to find a mechanistic explanation for the observed phenomenon of redistribution of chiasmata. Synaptonemal complexes of males with different karyotypes were analysed by transmission electron microscopy in surface-spread preparations. The study of zygotene and early pachytene nuclei revealed that in the former, pericentromeric regions are the last to synapse in Robertsonian trivalents and bivalents and normally remain asynaptic at pachytene in the case of trivalents, but complete pairing in bivalents. Telocentric (standard) bivalents usually show complete synapsis at pachytene, but different degrees of interstitial asynapsis during zygotene, suggesting that synapsis starts in opposite (centromeric and distal) ends. The sequential nature of synapsis in the three types of configuration is directly related to their patterns of chiasma localisation at diplotene-metaphase I, and strongly supports our previous idea that Rb fusions instantly produce a redistribution of chiasmata towards chromosome ends by reducing the early pairing regions (which pair first, remain paired longer and thus would have a higher probability of forming chiasmata) from four to two (independently of the heterozygous or homozygous status of the fusion). Pericentrometric regions would pair the last, thus chiasma formation is strongly reduced in these areas contrary to what occurs in telocentric bivalents.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Synapsis in Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes of Dichroplus pratensis (Melanoplinae, Acrididae) and its relationship with chiasma patterns
Autor:Martí, D.A.; Bidau, C.J.
Filiación:Laboratorio de Genética Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas , Quimicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Posadas, Argentina
Laboratorio de Genética Evolutiva, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Felix de Azara 1552, 3300 Posadas, Argentina
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tknicas, Rivadavia 1917, (1033) Buenos Aires, Argentina
Idioma: Inglés
Palabras clave:animal experiment; animal tissue; article; chromosomal localization; chromosome arm; chromosome bivalent; chromosome chiasm; chromosome pairing; gene fusion; grasshopper; heterozygote; homozygote; karyotype; male; metaphase; nonhuman; pachytene; prophase; Robertsonian chromosome translocation; transmission electron microscopy; Animals; Chromosome Pairing; Chromosomes; Crossing Over, Genetic; Grasshoppers; Heterozygote; Homozygote; Karyotyping; Male; Meiosis; Metaphase; Testis; Acrididae; Animalia; Dichroplus; Invertebrata; Melanoplinae; Robertsonia
Página de inicio:245
Página de fin:254
Título revista:Hereditas
Título revista abreviado:Hereditas


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---------- APA ----------
Martí, D.A. & Bidau, C.J. (2001) . Synapsis in Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes of Dichroplus pratensis (Melanoplinae, Acrididae) and its relationship with chiasma patterns. Hereditas, 134(3), 245-254.
Recuperado de [ ]
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Martí, D.A., Bidau, C.J. "Synapsis in Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes of Dichroplus pratensis (Melanoplinae, Acrididae) and its relationship with chiasma patterns" . Hereditas 134, no. 3 (2001) : 245-254.
Recuperado de [ ]
---------- MLA ----------
Martí, D.A., Bidau, C.J. "Synapsis in Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes of Dichroplus pratensis (Melanoplinae, Acrididae) and its relationship with chiasma patterns" . Hereditas, vol. 134, no. 3, 2001, pp. 245-254.
Recuperado de [ ]
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Martí, D.A., Bidau, C.J. Synapsis in Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes of Dichroplus pratensis (Melanoplinae, Acrididae) and its relationship with chiasma patterns. Hereditas. 2001;134(3):245-254.
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