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Paleomagnetic data from three sedimentary sections in Pichincha province -Quito City (QC), Mullimica (Mu) and El Tingo (ET)- Ecuador (northwestern South America) are reported. Analysis of natural remanent magnetization directions obtained from 109 oriented samples taken at 4 sites, shows that some samples recorded a magnetic component different from the normal present geomagnetic field (GMF). The characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) was determined by progressive AF demagnetization. The analysis shows that the sections recorded ChRM of normal, intermediate and reverse polarities during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition and Holocene. Normal directions were recorded in QC, while normal and intermediate polarity directions at Mu and, reverse VGPs at ET. QC and the upper portion of Mu correspond to the paleosecular variation Holocene record for Ecuador during the ~≤4.7 ka BP. On the other hand, the lower portion of Mu logs represents the transition from normal to intermediate directions occurring at ~≥5.6 ka BP. Sites from ET recorded two stable oblique reverse records with a large fluctuation far from the present GMF at ~10.5 ka BP. The transitional virtual geomagnetic poles generally agree with those registered during the possible Pleistocene-Holocene excursion observed in other places of the planet. When plotted in a present world map, VGPs calculated from normal samples at QC are very well clustered in Northern North America, Greenland and Northern Europe; most VGPs calculated from Mu are situated between 30° and 60° northern latitude in Northern North America, Greenland, western Europe, Africa and North Pacific Ocean. Interestingly, the majority of the reverse directions from ET conforms a patch located in southern Africa, and a few ones are situated in central Africa, eastern Australia and Antarctica. An Ecuadorian paleopole was calculated with data resulting from QC and Mu. Also other paleopoles of the same age were processed from other North and South American sites. Remarkably they agree well, although they do not agree with the geographical pole showing ~15° angular difference in relation to the rotatiońs axis of the Earth. Finally, is discussed the hypothesis of the global excursional state of the GMF during the last ~11.0 ka BP and the potential use as dating tool the excursion dated at 10.5 ka BP. © 2015, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. All rights reserved.


Documento: Artículo
Título:New paleomagnetic results and evidence for a geomagnetic field excursion during the pleistocene-holocene transition at Pichincha province, Ecuador
Autor:Nami, H.G.
Filiación:CONICET-IGEBA Laboratorio de paleomagnetismo "Daniel A. Valencio", Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires Ciudad Universitaria (Pabellón II), Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina
National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States
Palabras clave:Excursion; Holocene; Paleomagnetism; Paleosecular variation; Pleistocene-holocene transition; South America; geomagnetic field; magnetic reversal; natural remanent magnetization; paleomagnetism; Pleistocene-Holocene boundary; remanent magnetization; secular variation; virtual geomagnetic pole; Ecuador; Pichincha
Página de inicio:127
Página de fin:148
Título revista:Geofisica Internacional
Título revista abreviado:Geofis. Int.


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---------- APA ----------
(2015) . New paleomagnetic results and evidence for a geomagnetic field excursion during the pleistocene-holocene transition at Pichincha province, Ecuador. Geofisica Internacional, 54(2), 127-148.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Nami, H.G. "New paleomagnetic results and evidence for a geomagnetic field excursion during the pleistocene-holocene transition at Pichincha province, Ecuador" . Geofisica Internacional 54, no. 2 (2015) : 127-148.
---------- MLA ----------
Nami, H.G. "New paleomagnetic results and evidence for a geomagnetic field excursion during the pleistocene-holocene transition at Pichincha province, Ecuador" . Geofisica Internacional, vol. 54, no. 2, 2015, pp. 127-148.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Nami, H.G. New paleomagnetic results and evidence for a geomagnetic field excursion during the pleistocene-holocene transition at Pichincha province, Ecuador. Geofis. Int. 2015;54(2):127-148.