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The southernmost segment of the Andes of southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego forms a ∼ 700 km long orogenic re-entrant with an interlimb angle of ∼ 90° known as Patagonian orocline. No reliable paleomagnetic evidence has been gathered so far to assess whether this great orogenic bend is a primary arc formed over an articulated paleomargin, or is due to bending of a previously less curved (or rectilinear) chain. Here we report on an extensive paleomagnetic and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) study carried out on 22 sites (298 oriented cores), predominantly sampled in Eocene marine clays from the external Magallanes belt of Tierra del Fuego. Five sites (out of six giving reliable paleomagnetic results) containing magnetite and subordinate iron sulphides yield a positive fold test at the 99% significance level, and document no significant rotation since ∼ 50 Ma. Thus, the Patagonian orocline is either a primary bend, or an orocline formed after Cretaceous-earliest Tertiary rotations. Our data imply that the opening of the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica (probably causing the onset of Antarctica glaciation and global climate cooling), was definitely not related to the formation of the Patagonian orocline, but was likely the sole consequence of the 32 ± 2 Ma Scotia plate spreading. Well-defined magnetic lineations gathered at 18 sites from the Magallanes belt are sub-parallel to (mostly E-W) local fold axes, while they trend randomly at two sites from the Magallanes foreland. Our and previous AMS data consistently show that the Fuegian Andes were characterized by a N-S compression and northward displacing fold-thrust sheets during Eocene-early Miocene times (50-20 Ma), an unexpected kinematics considering coeval South America-Antarctica relative motion. Both paleomagnetic and AMS data suggest no significant influence from the E-W left-lateral Magallanes-Fagnano strike-slip fault system (MFFS), running a few kilometres south of our sampling sites. We thus speculate that strike-slip fault offset in the Fuegian Andes may range in the lower bound values (∼ 20 km) among those proposed so far. In any case our data exclude any influence of strike-slip tectonics on the genesis of the great orogenic bend called Patagonian orocline. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications
Autor:Maffione, M.; Speranza, F.; Faccenna, C.; Rossello, E.
Filiación:Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
CONICET, Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, FCEN, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Palabras clave:Drake Passage; Fuegian Andes; Magallanes belt; paleomagnetism; Patagonian orocline; tectonics; Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility; Antarctica; Argentina; Drake Passage; Early Miocene; Global climates; Iron sulphide; Lower bounds; Magallanes belt; Magnetic lineations; Marine clays; Orocline; Paleomagnetic evidence; Patagonia; Relative motion; Sampling site; South America; Strike-slip fault; Strike-slip fault systems; Tectonic implications; Clay minerals; Control theory; Geomagnetism; Glacial geology; Iron ores; Magnetic anisotropy; Magnetic susceptibility; Oxide minerals; Rotation; Structural geology; Tectonics; bending; Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary; deformation mechanism; displacement; Eocene; fold and thrust belt; iron sulfide; magnetic anisotropy; magnetite; orogeny; paleogeography; paleomagnetism; plate motion; reliability analysis; seafloor spreading; strike-slip fault; tectonic setting; Argentina; Patagonia; Tierra del Fuego [(PRV) Argentina]
Página de inicio:273
Página de fin:286
Título revista:Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Título revista abreviado:Earth Plan. Sci. Lett.


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---------- APA ----------
Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C. & Rossello, E. (2010) . Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289(1-2), 273-286.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C., Rossello, E. "Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications" . Earth and Planetary Science Letters 289, no. 1-2 (2010) : 273-286.
---------- MLA ----------
Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C., Rossello, E. "Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications" . Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 289, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 273-286.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C., Rossello, E. Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications. Earth Plan. Sci. Lett. 2010;289(1-2):273-286.