Because avian community organization of tropical wetland habitats in Amazonia is not well known, we conducted a preliminary study on a two-year old fallow ricef teld in coastal Guyana. Census of the field during July and August, 1974 found 31 diurnal spccies, a bird species diversity (H') of 3.22 and evenness (J') of 0.94. These values are probably the highest recorded. for a tropical nonforested area. Conununity foraging utilization was diverse. Insectivores and omnivores dominated the primary food habit types but camivorous, granivorous and nectivorous species were also represented. The bird community was dominated by species utilizing ground and water substrates for foraging and foliage gleaning was the dominant form of 8 types of foraging behavior recorded. Eighteen foraging guilds were found. Nine (50%) were represented by only 1 species. Factors accounting for high bird species diversity and guild richness are discussed. We propose high diversity in bird species and foraging utilization are the consequence of a highly productive system and the unstability of adjacent habitats.
|Título:||Bird species diversity and guild structure of a tropical fallow ricefield|
|Autor:||Osborne, David R.; Buissinger, Steven R.; Bourne, Godfrey|
|Titulo revista:||El Hornero|
|Editor:||Revista de Ornitología Neotropical; Aves Argentinas|
|Página de inicio:||113|
|Página de fin:||118|